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Relationship between bond prices and interest rates | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
 
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Why bond prices move inversely to changes in interest rate. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/treasury-bond-prices-and-yields?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/introduction-to-the-yield-curve?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Both corporations and governments can borrow money by selling bonds. This tutorial explains how this works and how bond prices relate to interest rates. In general, understanding this not only helps you with your own investing, but gives you a lens on the entire global economy. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 564042 Khan Academy
Bonds & Bond Valuation | Introduction to Corporate Finance | CPA Exam BEC | CMA Exam | Chp 7 p 1
 
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When a corporation or government wishes to borrow money from the public on a long-term basis, it usually does so by issuing or selling debt securities that are generically called bonds. In this section, we describe the various features of corporate bonds and some of the terminology associated with bonds. We then discuss the cash flows associated with a bond and how bonds can be valued using our discounted cash flow procedure. BOND FEATURES AND PRICES As we mentioned in our previous chapter, a bond is normally an interest-only loan, meaning that the borrower will pay the interest every period, but none of the principal will be repaid until the end of the loan. For example, suppose the Beck Corporation wants to borrow $1,000 for 30 years. The interest rate on similar debt issued by similar corporations is 12 percent. Beck will thus pay .12 × $1,000 = $120 in interest every year for 30 years. At the end of 30 years, Beck will repay the $1,000. As this example suggests, a bond is a fairly simple financing arrangement. There is, however, a rich jargon associated with bonds, so we will use this example to define some of the more important terms. In our example, the $120 regular interest payments that Beck promises to make are called the bond’s coupons. Because the coupon is constant and paid every year, the type of bond we are describing is sometimes called a level coupon bond. The amount that will be repaid at the end of the loan is called the bond’s face value, or par value. As in our example, this par value is usually $1,000 for corporate bonds, and a bond that sells for its par value is called a par value bond. Government bonds frequently have much larger face, or par, values. Finally, the annual coupon divided by the face value is called the coupon rate on the bond; in this case, because $120/1,000 = 12%, the bond has a 12 percent coupon rate. The number of years until the face value is paid is called the bond’s time to maturity. A corporate bond will frequently have a maturity of 30 years when it is originally issued, but this varies. Once the bond has been issued, the number of years to maturity declines as time goes by. BOND VALUES AND YIELDS As time passes, interest rates change in the marketplace. The cash flows from a bond, however, stay the same. As a result, the value of the bond will fluctuate. When interest rates rise, the present value of the bond’s remaining cash flows declines, and the bond is worth less. When interest rates fall, the bond is worth more. To determine the value of a bond at a particular point in time, we need to know the number of periods remaining until maturity, the face value, the coupon, and the market interest rate for bonds with similar features. This interest rate required in the market on a bond is called the bond’s yield to maturity (YTM). This rate is sometimes called the bond’s yield for short. Given all this information, we can calculate the present value of the cash flows as an estimate of the bond’s current market value.
FRM Part I : Corporate Bonds Part I(of 3)
 
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FinTree website link: http://www.fintreeindia.com FB Page link :http://www.facebook.com/Fin... This series of video covers following key areas: • A bond indenture and explain the role of the corporate trustee in a bond indenture • A bond's maturity date and how it impacts bond retirements • The main types of interest payment classifications • Zero-Coupon bonds and the relationship between original issue discount and reinvestment risk • Among the following security types relevant for corporate bonds: mortgage bonds, collateral trust bonds, equipment trust certificates, subordinated and convertible debenture bonds, and guaranteed bonds • The mechanisms by which corporate bonds can be retired before maturity • Credit default risk and credit spread risk • Event risk and explain what may cause it in corporate bonds We love what we do, and we make awesome video lectures for CFA and FRM exams. Our Video Lectures are comprehensive, easy to understand and most importantly, fun to study with! This Video lecture was recorded by our popular trainer for CFA, Mr. Utkarsh Jain, during one of his live FRM Classes in Pune (India).
Views: 5605 FinTree
Explaining Bond Prices and Bond Yields
 
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​In this revision video we work through some numerical examples of the inverse relationship between the market price of fixed-interest government bonds and the yields on those bonds. ​Government bonds are fixed interest securities. This means that a bond pays a fixed annual interest – this is known as the coupon The coupon (paid in £s, $s, Euros etc.) is fixed but the yield on a bond will vary The yield is effectively the interest rate on a bond. The yield will vary inversely with the market price of a bond 1.When bond prices are rising, the yield will fall 2.When bond prices are falling, the yield will rise - - - - - - - - - MORE ABOUT TUTOR2U ECONOMICS: Visit tutor2u Economics for thousands of free study notes, videos, quizzes and more: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics A Level Economics Revision Flashcards: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/store/selections/alevel-economics-revision-flashcards A Level Economics Example Top Grade Essays: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/store/selections/exemplar-essays-for-a-level-economics
Views: 58728 tutor2u
What is CORPORATE BOND? What does CORPORATE BOND mean? CORPORATE BOND meaning & explanation
 
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What is CORPORATE BOND? What does CORPORATE BOND mean? CORPORATE BOND meaning - CORPORATE BOND definition - CORPORATE BOND explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. A corporate bond is a bond issued by a corporation in order to raise financing for a variety of reasons such as to ongoing operations, M&A, or to expand business. The term is usually applied to longer-term debt instruments, with maturity of at least one year. Corporate debt instruments with maturity shorter than one year are referred to as commercial paper. The term "corporate bond" is not strictly defined. Sometimes, the term is used to include all bonds except those issued by governments in their own currencies. In this case governments issuing in other currencies (such as the country of Mexico issuing in US dollars) will be included. The term sometimes also encompasses bonds issued by supranational organizations (such as European Bank for Reconstruction and Development). Strictly speaking, however, it only applies to those issued by corporations. The bonds of local authorities (municipal bonds) are not included. Corporate bonds trade in decentralized, dealer-based, over-the-counter markets. In over-the-counter trading dealers act as intermediaries between buyers and sellers. Corporate bonds are sometimes listed on exchanges (these are called "listed" bonds) and ECNs. However, vast majority of trading volume happens over-the-counter. By far the largest market for corporate bonds is in corporate bonds denominated in US Dollars. US Dollar corporate bond market is the oldest, largest, and most developed. As the term corporate bond is not well defined, the size of the market varies according to who is doing the counting, but it is in the $5 to $6 trillion range. The second largest market is in Euro denominated corporate bonds. Other markets tend to be small by comparison and are usually not well developed, with low trading volumes. Many corporations from other countries issue in either US Dollars or Euros. Foreign corporates issuing bonds in the US Dollar market are called Yankees and their bonds are Yankee bonds. Corporate bonds are divided into two main categories High Grade (also called Investment Grade) and High Yield (also called Non-Investment Grade, Speculative Grade, or Junk Bonds) according to their credit rating. Bonds rated AAA, AA, A, and BBB are High Grade, while bonds rated BB and below are High Yield. This is a significant distinction as High Grade and High Yield bonds are traded by different trading desks and held by different investors. For example, many pension funds and insurance companies are prohibited from holding more than a token amount of High Yield bonds (by internal rules or government regulation). The distinction between High Grade and High Yield is also common to most corporate bond markets. The coupon (i.e. interest payment) is usually taxable for the investor. It is tax deductible for the corporation paying it. For US Dollar corporates, the coupon is almost always semi annual, while Euro denominated corporates pay coupon quarterly. The coupon can be zero. In this case the bond, a zero-coupon bond, is sold at a discount (i.e. a $100 face value bond sold initially for $80). The investor benefits by paying $80, but collecting $100 at maturity. The $20 gain (ignoring time value of money) is in lieu of the regular coupon. However, this is rare for corporate bonds. Some corporate bonds have an embedded call option that allows the issuer to redeem the debt before its maturity date. These are called callable bonds. A less common feature is an embedded put option that allows investors to put the bond back to the issuer before its maturity date. These are called putable bonds. Both of these features are common to the High Yield market. High Grade bonds rarely have embedded options. A straight bond that is neither callable nor putable is called a bullet bond.
Views: 2040 The Audiopedia
Bond Issuance Examples
 
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Roger Philipp, CPA, CGMA, presents a basic bond issue with a face value of $1 million, term of 5 years, and stated or coupon rate of 8% in the video 11.01 - Bond Issuance Examples. He also shows the journal entries for issuance and interest payments at market rates or effective rates of 8%, then 10%, and then 6%. If the bond is issued to yield 8%, then the bond is issued at par and interest expense will equal the interest payment. If the effective interest rate is 10% then the bond is issued at a discount. Now interest expense will no longer equal the cash coupon interest paid. Roger explains how to set up the journal entry, keeping things simple for now with straight-line amortization of the bond discount. Roger continues the problem by showing in the journal entry how the issuer’s interest expense will equal the market rate of 10%. Finally, Roger walks through the journal entries for this 8% face rate bond issued at a premium with a yield of 6%. As an advanced bonus, Roger has us consider the effects of the bond interest payments on the statement of cash flows. Connect with us: Website: https://www.rogercpareview.com Blog: https://www.rogercpareview.com/blog Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RogerCPAReview Twitter: https://twitter.com/rogercpareview LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/roger-cpa-review Are you accounting faculty looking for FREE CPA Exam resources in the classroom? Visit our Professor Resource Center: https://www.rogercpareview.com/professor-resource-center/ Video Transcript Sneak Peek: Now, next page it says issuance of bonds example and we're going to go through this example. Face value of the bonds, million dollars. Term, five year versus what? Term versus serial bond which matures in installments. Stated interest rate 8%. That's how much cash I'm going to get. I'm going to get 8% of a million dollars or $80,000 in cash but what am I earning? That's a different question. Then it says effective or market or yield is eight in example A, ten in example B, six in example C. Notice that we're going to be doing three examples. One is going to be eight, eight which is issued at par, issued at face. We don't have to worry about the discounted premium then we'll go to a discount example, then we'll go to a premium example and then life will be beautiful for you, things will make sense.
Views: 28679 Roger CPA Review
Introduction to bonds | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
 
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What it means to buy a bond. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/introduction-to-the-yield-curve?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/corporate-debt-versus-traditional-mortgages?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Both corporations and governments can borrow money by selling bonds. This tutorial explains how this works and how bond prices relate to interest rates. In general, understanding this not only helps you with your own investing, but gives you a lens on the entire global economy. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 548630 Khan Academy
Bond Valuation | Finance | Chegg Tutors
 
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Bond valuation is used to determine the fair price of a bond. A bond is a debt instrument used by corporations and governments to borrow capital. Normally, the bond issuer agrees to make periodic interest payments (coupons) on the funds received, as well as repay the principal on a specific date (maturity or par value). The value of a bond is calculated using discounted cash flow analysis. That is, a bond's value is equal to the present value of its future coupons, plus the present value of the principal repayment. There are a number of other factors usually considered in evaluating a bond, including the issuer's credit rating and the risk that interest rates will go up (decreasing the value of the bond). --------- Finance tutoring on Chegg Tutors Learn about Finance terms like Bond Valuation on Chegg Tutors. Work with live, online Finance tutors like Nathan G. who can help you at any moment, whether at 2pm or 2am. Liked the video tutorial? Schedule lessons on-demand or schedule weekly tutoring in advance with tutors like Nathan G. Visit: https://www.chegg.com/tutors/Finance-online-tutoring/?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=video&utm_content=managed&utm_campaign=videotutorials ---------- About Nathan G., Finance tutor on Chegg Tutors: Texas State, Class of 2010 Finance/Accounting major Subjects tutored: Accounting TEACHING EXPERIENCE: Educated from Texas State University, I received my BBA Accounting in 2010. During college, I would often study with classmates. I noticed how much I enjoyed helping them with Accounting. I then knew I had a skill underutilized. My passion for tutoring fuels my desire to see you succeed. With over 7 years of instructional experience, I will provide the tools to help you master Accounting. Check out my YouTube Channel to learn more about EXTRACURRICULAR INTERESTS I am a man of many tastes. I really enjoy technology, racquetball, basketball, real estate investing practices, web development, and comedy! I love diversifying my interests so I never get bored lol. Hope to hear from you soon! We'll setup a plan to help you succeed in Accounting. Want to book a private lesson with Nathan G.? Message Nathan G. at https://www.chegg.com/tutors/online-tutors/Nathan-G-862370/?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=video&utm_content=managed&utm_campaign=videotutorials ---------- Like what you see? Subscribe to Chegg's Youtube Channel: http://bit.ly/1PwMn3k ---------- Visit Chegg.com for purchasing or renting textbooks, getting homework help, finding an online tutor, applying for scholarships and internships, discovering colleges, and more! Learn more at https://www.chegg.com/ FB: https://www.facebcook.com/chegg Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/chegg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/chegg
Views: 11763 Chegg
3 Minutes! Bond Valuation Explained and How to Value a Bond
 
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OMG wow! Clicked here http://mbabullshit.com I'm shocked how easy, bond valuation video.. What is a Bond? Basically, a bond is a certificate which proves that a company borrowed money from you and now owes you money. Owning a bond is a way to earn interest payments instead of putting your money in a bank. Therefore, if a bond can give you high interest coupon payments compared to bank interest payments, a bond value should be high. On the other hand, if a bond will give you small coupon payments compared to bank interest, the bond value should be low. A bond can be bought either from the original company which issues the bond, or from people who already bought the bond from the corporation, but who want to sell the bond before it expires because they don’t want to wait too long before they get back their original investment So to find the theoretical value of a bond, we need to think about the bond’s interest coupon payments compared to bank interest payments, the bond’s face value, and the length of time before maturity when you get back the full face value of the bond. Sears Bond photo credit: Tom Spree via Wikipedia Creative Commons
Views: 94169 MBAbullshitDotCom
Types of Bonds
 
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This video discusses the various types of bonds issued by firms and other organizations. It provides examples and explains the meaning of various bond characteristics, such as call features, convertibility, securitization, etc. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 77382 Edspira
Intro to the Bond Market
 
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Most borrowers borrow through banks. But established and reputable institutions can also borrow from a different intermediary: the bond market. That’s the topic of this video. We’ll discuss what a bond is, what it does, how it’s rated, and what those ratings ultimately mean. First, though: what’s a bond? It’s essentially an IOU. A bond details who owes what, and when debt repayment will be made. Unlike stocks, bond ownership doesn’t mean owning part of a firm. It simply means being owed a specific sum, which will be paid back at a promised time. Some bonds also entitle holders to “coupon payments,” which are regular installments paid out on a schedule. Now—what does a bond do? Like stocks, bonds help raise money. Companies and governments issue bonds to finance new ventures. The ROI from these ventures, can then be used to repay bond holders. Speaking of repayments, borrowing through the bond market may mean better terms than borrowing from banks. This is especially the case for highly-rated bonds. But what determines a bond’s rating? Bond ratings are issued by agencies like Standard and Poor’s. A rating reflects the default risk of the institution issuing a bond. “Default risk” is the risk that a bond issuer may be unable to make payments when they come due. The higher the issuer’s default risk, the lower the rating of a bond. A lower rating means lenders will demand higher interest before providing money. For lenders, higher ratings mean a safer investment. And for borrowers (the bond issuers), a higher rating means paying a lower interest on debt. That said, there are other nuances to the bond market—things like the “crowding out” effect, as well as the effect of collateral on a bond’s interest rate. These are things we’ll leave you to discover in the video. Happy learning! Subscribe for new videos every Tuesday! http://bit.ly/1Rib5V8 Macroeconomics Course: http://bit.ly/1R1PL5x Ask a question about the video: http://bit.ly/29Q2f7d Next video: http://bit.ly/29WhXgC Office Hours video: http://bit.ly/29R04Ba Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/QZ06/
How bonds work
 
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Investing can sometimes seem like either like a gamble or very dull. At the "gambling" end of the spectrum are shares, with the possibility of swift ups in price and swift drops in price. At the other end is cash in the bank -- a predictable investment with few changes day-to-day or month-on-month. Investors looking for a middle ground and looking to diversify do have other options. They can consider bonds. Bonds are something of a mystery to many people -- perhaps because they are not often talked about. But bonds can play an important role in managing investments. They can be a half way house between the risk of shares and property and the safety of cash. How do bonds work? At the most basic level, a bond is a loan. Or, more technically, it is a large loan that has been split into packages and sold to investors. Bond holders typically make money by receiving regular payments of interest (known as coupons) during the life of the loan. When the loan ends, their original investment is returned. Bonds may have lives of just a year or two or for 10, 20 or even 30 years. You can buy individual bonds or opt for units in a bond fund run by an asset manager. Like shares, bonds or bond funds can usually be sold at any time and the value of your investment may rise or fall. But bond prices usually move less than shares. That is why they are considered safer than shares but they are more risky than a bank deposit. The original investment and the coupon payments are secure for bonds, while with shares, there is no guarantee of receiving dividend payments -- or your original investment. Looking a bit more closely, there are two main types of bonds -- corporate bonds and government bonds. Corporate bonds are loans made by companies. Government bonds are loans made by governments. Corporate bonds are more risky because the company issuing the bond may go bankrupt. In bankruptcy, though, bond holders are paid before shareholders. Governments rarely go bankrupt so government bonds are safer than corporate bonds. And the lower interest rate on government bonds reflects this. Getting more technical, different types of bonds are designed to work in different financial conditions. In particular, index-linked bonds pay coupons and the original investment in a way that compensates for inflation. The can be attractive to investors who want to ensure the value of their investment does not fall if prices rise. Bonds don't have to be part of your investment portfolio. Some people are happy to invest exclusively in shares and property but if you want to spread your investment risk, if you want to diversify, remember that there is always a half way house in bonds.
Views: 90527 ING eZonomics
Investment Grade Bonds
 
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One asset class we use to help us manage risk is Investment-Grade Bonds. Bonds are debt instruments requiring borrowers to make periodic interest and principle payments over the life of the bond. Learn more about this asset class.
Views: 225 TCDRSChannel
How Bond Market works? | Understanding Debt Market with example | Bond Market in India - Part 1
 
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The bond market moves when expectations change about economic growth and inflation. Unlike stocks, whose future earnings are anyone's guess, bonds make fixed payments for a certain period of time. Investors decide how much to pay for a given bond based on how much they expect inflation to erode the value of those fixed payments. The higher their expectations of inflation, the less they will pay for bonds. The lower they expect inflation to be, the more they will pay. In Bond market, lower prices correspond to higher yields, and higher prices correspond to lower yields. When prices fall, yields rise, and vice versa. Find us on Social Media and stay connected: Facebook Page - https://www.facebook.com/InvestYadnya Facebook Group - https://goo.gl/y57Qcr Twitter - https://www.twitter.com/InvestYadnya
Investopedia Video: The Basics Of Bond Duration
 
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Duration tells investors the length of time, in years, that it will take a bond's cash flows to repay the investor the price he or she paid for the bond. A bond's duration also tells investors how much a bond's price might change when interest rates change i.e. how much risk they face from interest rate changes.
Views: 106389 Investopedia
Bond Pricing, Valuation, Formulas, and Functions in Excel
 
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Premium Course: https://www.teachexcel.com/premium-courses/68/idiot-proof-forms-in-excel?src=youtube Excel Forum: https://www.teachexcel.com/talk/microsoft-office?src=yt Excel Tutorials: https://www.teachexcel.com/src=yt This tutorial will show you how to calculate bond pricing and valuation in excel. This teaches you how to do so through using the NPER() PMT() FV() RATE() and PV() functions and formulas in excel. To follow along with this tutorial and download the spreadsheet used and or to get free excel macros, keyboard shortcuts, and forums, go to: http://www.TeachMsOffice.com
Views: 187342 TeachExcel
Bond Features | Introduction to Corporate Finance | CPA Exam BEC | CMA Exam | Chp 7 p 2
 
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In this video, I discuss various bonds features and characteristics. Securities issued by corporations may be classified roughly as equity securities and debt securities. At the crudest level, a debt represents something that must be repaid; it is the result of borrowing money. When corporations borrow, they generally promise to make regularly scheduled interest payments and to repay the original amount borrowed (that is, the principal). The person or firm making the loan is called the creditor or lender. The corporation borrowing the money is called the debtor or borrower From a financial point of view, the main differences between debt and equity are the following: Debt is not an ownership interest in the firm. Creditors generally do not have voting power. The corporation’s payment of interest on debt is considered a cost of doing business and is fully tax deductible. Dividends paid to stockholders are not tax deductible. Unpaid debt is a liability of the firm. If it is not paid, the creditors can legally claim the assets of the firm. This action can result in liquidation or reorganization, two of the possible consequences of bankruptcy. Thus, one of the costs of issuing debt is the possibility of financial failure. This possibility does not arise when equity is issued. S IT DEBT OR EQUITY? Sometimes it is not clear if a particular security is debt or equity. For example, suppose a corporation issues a perpetual bond with interest payable solely from corporate income if and only if earned. Whether this is really a debt is hard to say and is primarily a legal and semantic issue. Courts and taxing authorities would have the final say. Corporations are adept at creating exotic, hybrid securities that have many features of equity but are treated as debt. Obviously, the distinction between debt and equity is important for tax purposes. So, one reason that corporations try to create a debt security that is really equity is to obtain the tax benefits of debt and the bankruptcy benefits of equity. As a general rule, equity represents an ownership interest, and it is a residual claim. This means that equity holders are paid after debt holders. As a result of this, the risks and benefits associated with owning debt and equity are different. To give just one example, note that the maximum reward for owning a debt security is ultimately fixed by the amount of the loan, whereas there is no upper limit to the potential reward from owning an equity interest. LONG-TERM DEBT: THE BASICS Ultimately, all long-term debt securities are promises made by the issuing firm to pay principal when due and to make timely interest payments on the unpaid balance. Beyond this, a number of features distinguish these securities from one another. We discuss some of these features next. The maturity of a long-term debt instrument is the length of time the debt remains outstanding with some unpaid balance. Debt securities can be short-term (with maturities of one year or less) or long-term (with maturities of more than one year).1 Short-term debt is sometimes referred to as unfunded debt. S IT DEBT OR EQUITY? Sometimes it is not clear if a particular security is debt or equity. For example, suppose a corporation issues a perpetual bond with interest payable solely from corporate income if and only if earned. Whether this is really a debt is hard to say and is primarily a legal and semantic issue. Courts and taxing authorities would have the final say. Corporations are adept at creating exotic, hybrid securities that have many features of equity but are treated as debt. Obviously, the distinction between debt and equity is important for tax purposes. So, one reason that corporations try to create a debt security that is really equity is to obtain the tax benefits of debt and the bankruptcy benefits of equity. As a general rule, equity represents an ownership interest, and it is a residual claim. This means that equity holders are paid after debt holders. As a result of this, the risks and benefits associated with owning debt and equity are different. To give just one example, note that the maximum reward for owning a debt security is ultimately fixed by the amount of the loan, whereas there is no upper limit to the potential reward from owning an equity interest. LONG-TERM DEBT: THE BASICS Ultimately, all long-term debt securities are promises made by the issuing firm to pay principal when due and to make timely interest payments on the unpaid balance. Beyond this, a number of features distinguish these securities from one another. We discuss some of these features next. The maturity of a long-term debt instrument is the length of time the debt remains outstanding with some unpaid balance. Debt securities can be short-term (with maturities of one year or less) or long-term (with maturities of more than one year).1 Short-term debt is sometimes referred to as unfunded debt.
How to Price/Value Bonds - Formula, Annual, Semi-Annual, Market Value, Accrued Interest
 
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http://www.subjectmoney.com http://www.subjectmoney.com/definitiondisplay.php?word=Bond%20Pricing In this video we show you how to calculate the value or price of a bond. We teach you the present value formula and then use examples to discount the coupon payments and principle payment to their present value. We also show you how to solve the price of a semi-annual bond. In this case you would multiply the periods by two and divide the YTM and coupon payments by 2. We also show you how to solve the accrued interest of a bond to find out what it would sell for at a date that is not on the exact coupon payment date. https://www.youtube.com/user/Subjectmoney https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zCqoED8MVk http://www.roofstampa.com hjttp://roofstampa.com http:/www.subjectmoney.com http://www.excelfornoobs.com
Views: 89982 Subjectmoney
Breaking down a bond issue problem (present value)
 
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This is the second video in the series on bonds. In this video, I discuss the methodology for breaking down a bond issue problem. I discuss the two components of the present value: the present value of the bond and the present value of the interest payments. I explain what an annuity is and how that factors in to your calculations. I briefly discuss the present value tables and determining par, discount or premium. For more help with accounting, please visit my website http://AccountingInFocus.com.
Views: 5624 Kristin Ingram
Amortization | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
 
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Introduction to amortization. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/valuation-and-investing/v/p-e-conundrum?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/valuation-and-investing/v/depreciation?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Life is full of people who will try to convince you that something is a good or bad idea by spouting technical jargon. Most of them have no idea what they are talking about. Don't be one of those people or their victims when it comes to stocks. From P/E rations to EV/EBITDA, we've got your back! About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 146864 Khan Academy
Clean Price Calculation of Corporate Bond - FRM Part 1 Exam Problem
 
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Knowledge Varsity (www.KnowledgeVarsity.com) is sharing this video with the audience. Even though this is a simple problem, candidates need to be careful as the computed value from the calculator is not the correct answer. You need to compound and discount to get the correct answer. There are 2 approaches given here, you can choose any one of them.
Views: 8971 KnowledgeVarsity
What is a Corporate Bond? How Do Corporate Bonds Work?
 
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What is a Corporate Bond? How Do Corporate Bonds Work? - Please take a moment to Like, Subscribe, and Comment on this video! View Our Channel To See More Helpful Finance Videos - https://www.youtube.com/user/FinanceWisdomForYou etf mutual funds hedge fund savings bonds bonds investment banking index funds surety bond mutual fund municipal bonds what is a mutual fund what is a bond cusip treasury bonds spdr best mutual funds hedge funds cusip lookup i bonds exchange traded funds bearer bonds gold etf junk bonds what is an etf what are bonds bonds definition treasury bills 10 year bond money market funds corporate bonds what is a surety bond saving bonds spy etf bond market government bonds biotech etf what are mutual funds top mutual funds etf screener types of bonds t bills stocks and bonds bond yield convertible bonds zero coupon bonds bond ratings zero coupon bond what is etf bond funds what are etfs high yield bonds russia etf bond rates tax free municipal bonds india etf silver etf best etf spdr etf reit etf bond prices what is mutual fund nasdaq etf treasury bond rates investing in bonds muni bonds emerging markets etf best etfs etf list natural gas etf treasury bond oil etf s&p 500 etf municipal bond bond etf treasury notes inverse etf leveraged etf best bond funds callable bond best mutual fund fidelity etf energy etf bond yields copper etf the bond buyer etf mutual funds hedge fund savings bonds bonds investment banking index funds surety bond mutual fund municipal bonds what is a mutual fund what is a bond cusip treasury bonds spdr best mutual funds hedge funds cusip lookup i bonds exchange traded funds bearer bonds gold etf junk bonds what is an etf what are bonds bonds definition treasury bills 10 year bond money market funds corporate bonds what is a surety bond saving bonds spy etf bond market government bonds biotech etf what are mutual funds top mutual funds etf screener types of bonds t bills stocks and bonds bond yield convertible bonds zero coupon bonds bond ratings zero coupon bond what is etf bond funds what are etfs high yield bonds russia etf bond rates tax free municipal bonds india etf silver etf best etf spdr etf reit etf bond prices what is mutual fund nasdaq etf treasury bond rates investing in bonds muni bonds emerging markets etf best etfs etf list natural gas etf treasury bond oil etf s&p 500 etf municipal bond bond etf treasury notes inverse etf leveraged etf best bond funds callable bond best mutual fund fidelity etf energy etf bond yields copper etf the bond buyer What is a Corporate Bond? How Do Corporate Bonds Work? Corporate bonds are issued in blocks of $1,000 in par value, and almost all have a standard coupon payment structure. Corporate bonds may also have call provisions to allow for early prepayment if prevailing rates change. Corporate bonds, i.e. debt financing, are a major source of capital for many businesses along with equity and bank loans/lines of credit. Generally speaking, a company needs to have some consistent earnings potential to be able to offer debt securities to the public at a favorable coupon rate. The higher a company's perceived credit quality, the easier it becomes to issue debt at low rates and issue higher amounts of debt. What is a Corporate Bond? How Do Corporate Bonds Work? Finance Wisdom For You Finance Wisdom For You Corporate bonds are issued as a way of raising money for businesses - it's essentially a certificate of debt issued by major companies When you buy bonds you are lending money to a company in exchange for an IOU. The IOU has a term and at maturity (typically five or ten years) the sum invested is returned in full. What is a Corporate Bond? How Do Corporate Bonds Work?
How to calculate the bond price and yield to maturity
 
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This video will show you how to calculate the bond price and yield to maturity in a financial calculator. If you need to find the Present value by hand please watch this video :) http://youtu.be/5uAICRPUzsM There are more videos for EXCEL as well Like and subscribe :) Please visit us at http://www.i-hate-math.com Thanks for learning
Views: 309772 I Hate Math Group, Inc
Introduction to present value | Interest and debt | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
 
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A choice between money now and money later. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/interest-tutorial/present-value/v/present-value-2?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/interest-tutorial/present-value/v/time-value-of-money?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: If you gladly pay for a hamburger on Tuesday for a hamburger today, is it equivalent to paying for it today? A reasonable argument can be made that most everything in finance really boils down to "present value". So pay attention to this tutorial. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 782399 Khan Academy
3 Steps to Easy Bond Investing [Market-Proof Your Portfolio]
 
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Stop missing out on your best opportunity for cash flow and safe returns. Learn the secret to investing in bonds and get started now with Step-by-Step Bond Investing https://amzn.to/2MqKE5d Bond investments are way underrated by investors with less than 2% of investors holding any fixed-income at all in their portfolio. That’s despite the fact that bonds provide rock-solid cash flow and safe returns compared to stocks. In fact, bonds have actually beaten the return on stocks during the last decade. Now I love investing in stocks just as much as the next person and I’m not saying you should ditch equities but bonds is going to be the secret asset you add to your portfolio that helps reach your financial goals. I’m going to walk you through three steps to investing in bonds to protect your money while still producing that return and I’ll show you how to find bonds in which to invest on any online site. I’m then going to share my favorite bond investing strategy, something that will make all this super easy so make sure you stick around to the end of the video. From explaining the basics of bond investing to giving you tips for investing in bonds, this video will give you all the tools to diversifying your portfolio and creating consistent returns even in a bear market. - Why bond investing could be the smartest investment decision you make - Stocks vs Bonds: how bond returns actually beat stocks - What happens to bonds when interest rates rise - 3 Steps to investing in bonds - How to pick bond investments and a fixed-income strategy for consistent cash flow SUBSCRIBE to create the financial future you deserve with videos on beating debt, making more money and making your money work for you. https://peerfinance101.com/FreeMoneyVideos Joseph Hogue, CFA spent nearly a decade as an investment analyst for institutional firms and banks. He now helps people understand their financial lives through debt payoff strategies, investing and ways to save more money. He has appeared on Bloomberg and on sites like CNBC and Morningstar. He holds the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation and is a veteran of the Marine Corps. #investing #stocks #investment
Different Types of Bonds | Introduction to Corporate Finance | CPA Exam BEC | CMA Exam | Chp 7 p 4
 
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In this section, we briefly look at bonds issued by governments and also at bonds with unusual features. GOVERNMENT BONDS The biggest borrower in the world—by a wide margin—is everybody’s favorite family member, Uncle Sam. In early 2014, the total debt of the U.S. government was $17.5 trillion, or about $55,000 per citizen (and growing!). When the government wishes to borrow money for more than one year, it sells what are known as Treasury notes and bonds to the public (in fact, it does so every month). Currently, outstanding Treasury notes and bonds have original maturities ranging from 2 to 30 years. Most U.S. Treasury issues are just ordinary coupon bonds. There are two important things to keep in mind, however. First, U.S. Treasury issues, unlike essentially all other bonds, have no default risk because (we hope) the Treasury can always come up with the money to make the payments. Second, Treasury issues are exempt from state income taxes (though not federal income taxes). In other words, the coupons you receive on a Treasury note or bond are taxed only at the federal level. For information on municipal bonds including prices, check out emma.msrb.org. State and local governments also borrow money by selling notes and bonds. Such issues are called municipal notes and bonds, or just “munis.” Unlike Treasury issues, munis have varying degrees of default risk, and, in fact, they are rated much like corporate issues. Also, they are almost always callable. The most intriguing thing about munis is that their coupons are exempt from federal income taxes (though not necessarily state income taxes), which makes them very attractive to high-income, high–tax bracket investors. FLOATING-RATE BONDS The conventional bonds we have talked about in this chapter have fixed-dollar obligations because the coupon rates are set as fixed percentages of the par values. Similarly, the principal amounts are set equal to the par values. Under these circumstances, the coupon payments and principal are completely fixed. OTHER TYPES OF BONDS Many bonds have unusual or exotic features. So-called catastrophe, or cat, bonds provide an interesting example. In August 2013, Northshore Re Limited, a reinsurance company, issued $200 million in cat bonds (reinsurance companies sell insurance to insurance companies). These cat bonds covered hurricanes and earthquakes in the U.S. In the event of one of these triggering events, Northshore Re would receive cash flows to offset its loss. The largest single cat bond issue to date is a series of six bonds sold by Merna Reinsurance in 2007. The six bond issues were to cover various catastrophes the company faced due to its reinsurance of State Farm. The six bonds totaled about $1.2 billion in par value. During 2013, about $7.6 billion in cat bonds were issued, and there was about $20.6 billion par value in cat bonds outstanding at the end of the year. ncome bonds are similar to conventional bonds, except that coupon payments depend on company income. Specifically, coupons are paid to bondholders only if the firm’s income is sufficient. This would appear to be an attractive feature, but income bonds are not very common. A convertible bond can be swapped for a fixed number of shares of stock anytime before maturity at the holder’s option. Convertibles are relatively common, but the number has been decreasing in recent years. A put bond allows the holder to force the issuer to buy back the bond at a stated price. For example, International Paper Co. has bonds outstanding that allow the holder to force International Paper to buy the bonds back at 100 percent of face value if certain “risk” events happen. One such event is a change in credit rating from investment grade to lower than investment grade by Moody’s or S&P. The put feature is therefore just the reverse of the call provision. The reverse convertible is a relatively new type of structured note. One type generally offers a high coupon rate, but the redemption at maturity can be paid in cash at par value or paid in shares of stock. For example, one recent General Motors (GM) reverse convertible had a coupon rate of 16 percent, which is a very high coupon rate in today’s interest rate environment. However, at maturity, if GM’s stock declined sufficiently, bondholders would receive a fixed number of GM shares that were worth less than par value. So, while the income portion of the bond return would be high, the potential loss in par value could easily erode the extra return. Perhaps the most unusual bond (and certainly the most ghoulish) is the “death bond.” Companies such as Stone Street Financial purchase life insurance policies from individuals who are expected to die within the next 10 years.
Book Value vs Market Value vs Face Value of Bonds: How to Keep Them Straight
 
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You’ll learn about the book value vs market value vs face value of bonds in this tutorial, and you’ll understand how to calculate and project them in financial models. https://breakingintowallstreet.com/ "Financial Modeling Training And Career Resources For Aspiring Investment Bankers" Resources: https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Book-Value-vs-Face-Value-Slides.pdf https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Book-Value-vs-Face-Value.xlsx Table of Contents: 3:06 Excel Examples 11:04 Combined Example 14:46 Recap and Summary SHORT ANSWER: Face Value is the amount of Debt that a company issues, pays interest on, and must repay upon maturity. It is affected ONLY by Debt issuances, principal repayments, and Accrued or “Paid-in-Kind” (PIK) Interest. Book Value is the Debt that shows up on a company’s Balance Sheet under Liabilities & Equity, but it is NOT necessarily the amount it pays Interest on or what it must eventually repay. It’s affected by everything above (issuances, repayments, and accrued interest), plus Issuance Fees, any Discount or Premium when the bond is first issued, and the amortization of both those items. Market Value is what someone else would pay to buy the company’s Debt on the secondary market if it trades like that. It’s affected by interest payments, market interest rates on similar Debt, and future repayment upon maturity. In practice, the bond’s coupon rate vs market rates, as well as the credit default risk of the issuer, make the biggest impact. EXCEL EXAMPLES: Toro is spending a lot and must issue additional Debt to fund operations in several years. The Face Value of Debt goes up when new Debt is issued and down when there’s a repayment or maturity. The Book Value of Debt also changes based on these, but we also must deduct the 2% financing fee on new issuances and add the amortization of these financing fees over 10 years. We don’t know enough to determine the Market Value since it depends on current market rates vs the 6.1% coupon rate the company is currently paying. In another example, Atlassian has issued a Convertible Bond that matures in 5 years, if it’s not converted into Equity before then. Convertible Bonds are often separated into Equity and Debt components to reflect their dual nature, and the Book Value here equals the Face Value minus the Unamortized Issuance Fees minus the Debt Discount, which represents the difference in value between a traditional, non-convertible bond with a higher interest rate and the much-lower-rate convertible bond. The Face Value here never changes until the end because there are no additional issuances, there’s no accrued interest, and there’s only the single maturity at the very end. Cash Interest never changes since it’s always based on this constant Face Value and a constant interest rate. The Book Value keeps increasing as the Debt Discount is amortized over time and as the Issuance Fees are also amortized, but it finally reaches $0 at the same time as the Face Value. We don’t know enough to determine the Market Value, as we’d need to know the prevailing market interest rates on similar bonds and Atlassian’s default risk. ONE EXAMPLE TO RULE THEM ALL: Assume that a company issues a $1,000 10-year bond at a 5.00% coupon rate vs prevailing market rates of 6.35% on similar bonds. There are no principal repayments, and the interest is 100% Cash. There is a 2% issuance fee. Due to the below-market rate, the bond is issued at a $100 Discount. The Face Value is $1,000 initially, and it never changes until maturity. The Cash Interest is 5% * $1,000 = $50 per year until maturity. The initial Book Value is the $1,000 Face Value – $100 Discount – $20 Issuance Fee = $880. The Book Value will change according to the amortization of the Discount and the amortization of the Issuance Fees each year. Book Value, Year 1: $880 + $100 / 10 + $20 / 10 = $892 Book Value, Year 2: $892 + $100 / 10 + $20 / 10 = $904 The Market Value is initially the $1,000 Face Value minus the $100 Discount (verify with the PRICE function in Excel), so $900. We don’t know exactly how it will change over time because we don’t know future interest rates, but if rates go up, the Market Value will go down, and if credit default risk goes up, the Market Value will also go down (and vice versa for both of these). Does Book Value vs Market Value vs Face Value for Bonds Matter? In most cases, these distinctions don’t make a huge difference. If you’re under time pressure, you can simplify all this and include only Issuances and Repayments to project Debt. But interview questions on these topics could still come up, and if a company has a Convertible Bond or a normal bond issued at a big discount or premium, the Book Value vs Face Value distinction matters since interest is based on Face Value.
Corporate Bond Market (BSE)
 
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Subject:Business Economics Paper:Financial market and institutions
Views: 906 Vidya-mitra
Introduction to Debt and Equity Financing
 
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Help us learn more about your experience by completing this short survey: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/RRKS8LZ Subscribe to Alanis Business Academy on YouTube for updates on the latest videos: https://www.youtube.com/alanisbusinessacademy?sub_confirmation=1 Finance is the function responsible for identifying the firm's best sources of funding as well as how best to use those funds. These funds allow firms to meet payroll obligations, repay long-term loans, pay taxes, and purchase equipment among other things. Although many different methods of financing exist, we classify them under two categories: debt financing and equity financing. To address why firms have two main sources of funding we have take a look at the accounting equation. The basic accounting equation states that assets equal liabilities plus owners' equity. This equation remains constant because firms look to debt, also known as liabilities, or investor money, also known as owners' equity, to run operations. Debt financing is long-term borrowing provided by non-owners, meaning individuals or other firms that do not have an ownership stake in the company. Debt financing commonly takes the form of taking out loans and selling corporate bonds. Using debt financing provides several benefits to firms. First, interest payments are tax deductible. Just like the interest on a mortgage loan is tax deductible for homeowners, firms can reduce their taxable income if they pay interest on loans. Although deduction does not entirely offset the interest payments it at least lessens the financial impact of raising money through debt financing. Another benefit to debt financing is that firm's utilizing this form of financing are not required to publicly disclose of their plans as a condition of funding. The allows firms to maintain some degree of secrecy so that competitors are not made away of their future plans. The last benefit of debt financing that we'll discuss is that it avoids what is referred to as the dilution of ownership. We'll talk more about the dilution of ownership when we discuss equity financing. Although debt financing certainly has its advantages, like all things, there are some negative sides to raising money through debt financing. The first disadvantage is that a firm that uses debt financing is committing to making fixed payments, which include interest. This decreases a firm's cash flow. Firms that rely heavily in debt financing can run into cash flow problems that can jeopardize their financial stability. The next disadvantage to debt financing is that loans may come with certain restrictions. These restrictions can include things like collateral, which require the firm to pledge an asset against the loan. If the firm defaults on payments then the issuer can seize the asset and sell it to recover their investment. Another restriction is a covenant. Covenants are stipulations or terms placed on the loan that the firm must adhere to as a condition of the loan. Covenants can include restrictions on additional funding as well as restrictions on paying dividends. Equity financing involves acquiring funds from owners, who are also known as shareholders. Equity financing commonly involves the issuance of common stock in public and secondary offerings or the use of retained earnings. A benefit of using equity financing is the flexibility that it provides over debt financing. Equity financing does not come with the same collateral and covenants that can be imposed with debt financing. Another benefit to equity financing also does not increase a firms risk of default like debt financing does. A firm that utilizes equity financing does not pay interest, and although many firm's pay dividends to their investors they are under no obligation to do so. The downside to equity financing is that it produces no tax benefits and dilutes the ownership of existing shareholders. Dilution of ownership means that existing shareholders percentage of ownership decreases as the firm decides to issue additional shares. For example, lets say that you own 50 shares in ABC Company and there are 200 shares outstanding. This means that you hold a 25 percent stake in ABC Company. With such a large percentage of ownership you certainly have the power to affect decision-making. In order to raise additional funding ABC Company decides to issue 200 additional shares. You still hold 50 shares in the company, but now there are 400 shares outstanding. Which means you now hold a 12.5 percent stake in the company. Thus your ownership has been diluted due to the issuance of additional shares. A prime example of the dilution of ownership occurred in in the mid-2000's when Facebook co-founder Eduardo Saverin had his ownership stake reduced by the issuance of additional shares.
Bonds (Corporate Bonds, Municipal Bonds, Government Bonds, etc.) Explained in One Minute
 
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Whether we're talking about corporate bonds, municipal bonds, government bonds or other types of bonds, the principle is simple: an entity requests a loan and a lender is willing to offer money to the entity in question in exchange for interest (although in our current low to zero to negative interest environment, that part is debatable). Through this one minute video, I've explained how the process works. Please like, comment and subscribe if you've enjoyed the video. To support the channel, give me a minute (see what I did there?) of your time by visiting OneMinuteEconomics.com and reading my message. Bitcoin donations can be sent to 1AFYgM8Cmiiu5HjcXaP5aS1fEBJ5n3VDck and PayPal donations to [email protected], any and all support is greatly appreciated! Oh and I've also started playing around with Patreon, my link is: https://www.patreon.com/oneminuteeconomics Interested in reading a good book? My first book, Wealth Management 2.0 (through which I do my best to help people manage their wealth properly, whether we're talking about someone who has a huge amount of money at his disposal or someone who is still living paycheck to paycheck), can be bought using the links below: Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Wealth-Management-2-0-Financial-Professionals-ebook/dp/B01I1WA2BK Barnes & Noble - http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/wealth-management-20-andrei-polgar/1124435282?ean=2940153328942 iBooks (Apple) - https://itun.es/us/wYSveb.l Kobo - https://store.kobobooks.com/en-us/ebook/wealth-management-2-0 My second book, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today bestseller The Age of Anomaly (through which I help people prepare for financial calamities and become more financially resilient in general), can be bought using the links below. Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Age-Anomaly-Spotting-Financial-Uncertainty-ebook/dp/B078SYL5YS Barnes & Noble - https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-age-of-anomaly-andrei-polgar/1127084693?ean=2940155383970 iBooks (Apple) - https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/age-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-sea-uncertainty/id1331704265 Kobo - https://www.kobo.com/ww/en/ebook/the-age-of-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-a-sea-of-uncertainty Last but not least, if you'd like to follow me on social media, use one of the links below: https://www.facebook.com/oneminuteeconomics https://twitter.com/andreipolgar https://ro.linkedin.com/in/andrei-polgar-9a11a561
Views: 46708 One Minute Economics
Bond Markets | Corporate Finance | CPA Exam BEC | CMA Exam | Chp 7 p 5
 
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Bonds are bought and sold in enormous quantities every day. You may be surprised to learn that the trading volume in bonds on a typical day is many, many times larger than the trading volume in stocks (by trading volume we simply mean the amount of money that changes hands). Here is a finance trivia question: What is the largest securities market in the world? Most people would guess the New York Stock Exchange. In fact, the largest securities market in the world in terms of trading volume is the U.S. Treasury market. One reason the bond markets are so big is that the number of bond issues far exceeds the number of stock issues. There are two reasons for this. First, a corporation would typically have only one common stock issue outstanding (there are exceptions to this that we discuss in our next chapter). However, a single large corporation could easily have a dozen or more note and bond issues outstanding. Beyond this, federal, state, and local borrowing is simply enormous. For example, even a small city would usually have a wide variety of notes and bonds outstanding, representing money borrowed to pay for things like roads, sewers, and schools. When you think about how many small cities there are in the United States, you begin to get the picture! Because the bond market is almost entirely OTC, it has historically had little or no transparency. A financial market is transparent if it is possible to easily observe its prices and trading volume. On the New York Stock Exchange, for example, it is possible to see the price and quantity for every single transaction. In contrast, in the bond market, it is often not possible to observe either. Transactions are privately negotiated between parties, and there is little or no centralized reporting of transactions. Although the total volume of trading in bonds far exceeds that in stocks, only a small fraction of the total bond issues that exist actually trade on a given day. This fact, combined with the lack of transparency in the bond market, means that getting up-to-date prices on individual bonds can be difficult or impossible, particularly for smaller corporate or municipal issues. Instead, a variety of sources of estimated prices exist and are commonly used. BOND PRICE REPORTING In 2002, transparency in the corporate bond market began to improve dramatically. Under new regulations, corporate bond dealers are now required to report trade information through what is known as the Trade Reporting and Compliance Engine (TRACE). Our nearby Work the Web box shows you how to get bond quotes. A NOTE ABOUT BOND PRICE QUOTES If you buy a bond between coupon payment dates, the price you pay is usually more than the price you are quoted. The reason is that standard convention in the bond market is to quote prices net of “accrued interest,” meaning that accrued interest is deducted to arrive at the quoted price. This quoted price is called the clean price. The price you actually pay, however, includes the accrued interest. This price is the dirty price, also known as the “full” or “invoice” price.
Corporate debt versus traditional mortgages | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
 
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Understanding how most corporate debt is different than most personal mortgages. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/bonds-tutorial/v/introduction-to-bonds?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/stock-and-bonds/leveraged-buy-outs/v/basic-leveraged-buyout-lbo?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: Both corporations and governments can borrow money by selling bonds. This tutorial explains how this works and how bond prices relate to interest rates. In general, understanding this not only helps you with your own investing, but gives you a lens on the entire global economy. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 65544 Khan Academy
Bonds | Intermediate Accounting | CPA Exam FAR | Chp 14 p 1
 
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Long-term debt consists of probable future sacrifices of economic benefits arising from present obligations that are not payable within a year or the operating cycle of the company, whichever is longer. Bonds payable, long-term notes payable, mortgages payable, pension liabilities, and lease liabilities are examples of long-term liabilities. A corporation, per its bylaws, usually requires approval by the board of directors and the stockholders before bonds or notes can be issued. The same holds true for other types of long-term debt arrangements. Generally, long-term debt has various covenants or restrictions that protect both lenders and borrowers. The indenture or agreement often includes the amounts authorized to be issued, interest rate, due date(s), call provisions, property pledged as security, sinking fund requirements, working capital and dividend restrictions, and limitations concerning the assumption of additional debt. Companies should describe these features in the body of the financial statements or the notes if important for a complete understanding of the financial position and the results of operations.
Which Bond Fund ETF Should I Invest In? Vanguard Long-Term Bond Funds ETFs With High Yields!
 
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2018 Vanguard Long-Term Bond Fund ETF's With High Yields! Which Vanguard Bond fund should invest in? Learn about the best Vanguard dividend funds (Index Fund ETF's) Find out about the 4 top performing Vanguard Bond ETF funds available through Vanguard. The spreadsheet in the video can be downloaded here: Dropbox link: https://www.dropbox.com/s/ky22y2y0lt8ru0a/Top%204%20performing%20Vanguard%20bond%20funds%202018.xlsx?dl=0 or http://moneyandlifetv.com/downloads Video Outline and Time Stamps so you can quickly jump to any topic: • Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury ETF (EDV) - 1:22 • Vanguard Long-Term Bond Fund ETF (BLV) - 5:25 • Vanguard Long-Term Corporate Bond Fund ETF (VCLT) - 7:34 • Vanguard Tax Exempt Bond Fund ETF (VTEB) - 9:05 • Vanguard bond fund etf comparison - 11:38 • Bond Fund Pros and Cons (Bond Risks, etc) - 12:10 In this very detailed review you will learn about the four Vanguard Long-Term Bond Funds Etfs (Index Funds) available to invest in. The four Vanguard Long-Term Bond Funds 1.Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury ETF (EDV) 2. Vanguard Long-Term Bond Fund ETF (BLV) 3. Vanguard Long-Term Corporate Bond Fund ETF (VCLT) 4. Vanguard Tax Exempt Bond Fund ETF (VTEB) Check out some of our other videos and playlists here: ♦ Investing in the stock market!: https://goo.gl/yVAoES ♦ Save money, budget, build wealth and improve your financial position at any age: https://goo.gl/E97nJj ♦ Learn more about how federal income taxes work: https://goo.gl/D1hCX1 ♦ Ways to improve your life at any age: https://goo.gl/uq72bu Subscribe for our future weekly videos. New videos typically every Sunday or Wednesday. Do not forget to help out a friend and share this information with them as well. About me: I'm passionate about helping people build wealth by learning more about personal finances, investing and taxes. My mission is to help people improve their financial position career and life. I also enjoy teaching others about the accounting profession, tech tips, and helping people overcome challenges in their everyday life as well as their career. You can find our content on other internet planets such as....... My Website: Moneyandlifetv.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/Mkchip123 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/moneyandlifetv/ ***Disclaimer*** All of the information in this video is presented for educational purposes only and should not be taken as financial, tax, or investing advice by any means. I am not a financial adviser. Although I am a CPA I cannot advise someone for tax purposes without knowing their complete tax situation. You should always do your own research before implementing new ideas or strategies. If you are unsure of what to do you should consider consulting with a financial adviser or tax accountant such as an Enrolled Agent, or Certified Public Accountant in the area in which you live. Thanks for taking time to check out this video, and our channel. Have a great day and we will see you in the next video!
Views: 6773 Money and Life TV
Time value of money | Interest and debt | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
 
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Why when you get your money matters as much as how much money. Present and future value also discussed. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/interest-tutorial/present-value/v/introduction-to-present-value?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/interest-tutorial/cont-comp-int-and-e/v/continuously-compounding-interest-formula-e?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: If you gladly pay for a hamburger on Tuesday for a hamburger today, is it equivalent to paying for it today? A reasonable argument can be made that most everything in finance really boils down to "present value". So pay attention to this tutorial. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 450773 Khan Academy
What is a Bond | by Wall Street Survivor
 
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What is a bond? Learn more at: https://www.wallstreetsurvivor.com A bond is a debt investment in which an investor loans money to a corporate entity or government. The funds are borrowed for a defined period of time at either a variable or fixed interest rate. If you want a guaranteed money-maker, bonds are a much safer option than most. There are many times of bonds, however, and each type has a different risk level. Unlike stocks, which are equity instruments, bonds are debt instruments. When bonds are first issued by the company, the investor/lender typically gives the company $1,000 and the company promises to pay the investor/lender a certain interest rate every year (called the Coupon Rate), AND, repay the $1,000 loan when the bond matures (called the Maturity Date). For example, GE could issue a 30 year bond with a 5% coupon. The investor/lender gives GE $1,000 and every year the lender receives $50 from GE, and at the end of 30 years the investor/ lender gets his $1,000 back. Bonds di er from stocks in that they have a stated earnings rate and will provide a regular cash flow, in the form of the coupon payments to the bondholders. This cash flow contributes to the value and price of the bond and affects the true yield (earnings rate) bondholders receive. There are no such promises associated with common stock ownership. After a bond has been issued directly by the company, the bond then trades on the exchanges. As supply and demand forces start to take effect the price of the bond changes from its initial $1,000 face value. On the date the GE bond was issued, a 5% return was acceptable given the risk of GE. But if interest rates go up and that 5% return becomes unacceptable, the price of the GE bond will drop below $1,000 so that the effective yield will be higher than the 5% Coupon Rate. Conversely, if interest rates in general go down, then that 5% GE Coupon Rate starts looking attractive and investors will bid the price of the bond back above $1,000. When a bond trades above its face value it is said to be trading at a premium; when a bond trades below its face value it is said to be trading at a discount. Understanding the difference between your coupon payments and the true yield of a bond is critical if you ever trade bonds. Confused? Don't worry check out the video and head over to http://courses.wallstreetsurvivor.com/invest-smarter/
Views: 138943 Wall Street Survivor
Bond Valuation
 
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Bond Valuation
Views: 206161 Mark McCracken
Debt Buyers: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
 
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Companies that purchase debt cheaply then collect it aggressively are shockingly easy to start. We can prove it! Connect with Last Week Tonight online... Subscribe to the Last Week Tonight YouTube channel for more almost news as it almost happens: www.youtube.com/user/LastWeekTonight Find Last Week Tonight on Facebook like your mom would: http://Facebook.com/LastWeekTonight Follow us on Twitter for news about jokes and jokes about news: http://Twitter.com/LastWeekTonight Visit our official site for all that other stuff at once: http://www.hbo.com/lastweektonight
Views: 13858219 LastWeekTonight
China - More Corporate Bond Defaults - 5 Jun 18  | Gazunda
 
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This video is selected and uploaded by Gazunda Services Ltd. It is not our property.
Bond Amortization Schedule Effective Interest Rate Method Accounting (Bond Discount)
 
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How to amortize a bond issued at a discount (present value less than face value of bond) using the effective interest rate method, bond has two cash flows, (1) face value or principal amount paid at maturity and (2) interest payment (usually semi annual) based on the stated rate of interest on the bond, example shown as a cash flow diagram, present value (PV) what its worth when issued (issue date) based on discounting bonds cash flows (maturity value + interest payments) back to issue date using the market rate of interest, comparing the bonds present value to its future value (face value) determines the discount amount on the bond (amount the PV is less than its face value), the discount amount has to be amortized over the life of the bond using an amortization schedule, detailed example showing how to setup amortization schedule and use the schedule to amortize the bond discount, detailed calculations with accounting journal entries (T accounts)on balance sheet template for bond payable, discount on bond payable, interest payments, interest expense (market rate x carrying value of bond), amortized interest expense (interest payment - interest expense), add amortized discount to the bonds carrying value to determine the bonds new carrying value (bond amortization), detailed calculations and accounting by Allen Mursau
Views: 52817 Allen Mursau
Bond Amortization Schedule in Excel
 
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This is a presentation that I made for my Accounting Systems class at Frostburg State University. My Professor asked me if I wouldn't mind posting it on youtube. I don't mind, so here it is. Oh and this was all one take... albeit my seventh or eighth try. :D
Views: 40643 Jeremy Sloane
Face value, Coupon and Maturity of Bonds - SmarterWithMoney
 
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Investing in bonds can be tricky in today's market. Understanding the fundamental concepts associated with bonds is a good place to start.
Views: 26218 Religare
Calculating the Yield of a Coupon Bond using Excel
 
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UPDATE: You can also find the YTM by trial and error. If you plug in 0.06 for the YTM in the equation this gives you $91,575, which is lower than $92,227. YTM = 0.058 gives you $92,376, which is a little bit higher than $92,227. YTM = 0.0585 gives you $92,175, but YTM = 0.0584 gives you $92,215 which is very close to $92,227. Thus, 5.84% is the approximate YTM This video explains how to calculate the yield-to-maturity of a coupon bond. A comprehensive example is provided that shows the formula for calculating the yield, but the video also provides a Microsoft Excel formula that provides an easier means of determining the yield. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 80943 Edspira
LBO Model - Debt Schedules & Interest Expense (Dell Case Study)
 
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In this tutorial, we walk through Silver Lake's $24 billion leveraged buyout of Dell and explain the tasks you might have to complete if you were to analyze this deal as part of a case study in a private equity interview. By http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/ "Discover How To Break Into Investment Banking or Private Equity, The Easy Way" In Part 3 of the case study, we walk you through how to create the debt schedules for the company, handle repayments of existing assumed debt, and calculate mandatory and optional repayments each year. Then, we show you how to link the debt schedules to the Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Statement and how to build in the option for circular references and average debt balances when calculating and linking net interest expense at the end. Please see the link below to get all the Excel files and PDFs and other resources. http://www.mergersandinquisitions.com/leveraged-buyout-lbo-model-debt-schedules-interest-expense/
Bond 007 - Everything about Bonds
 
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All bonds are debt instruments -- you loan the issuer money, and the issuer eventually repays the amount of the bond, plus periodic interest payments for as long as you hold the bond. ------ Global Finance School is a unique financial education system. Our mission is to provide an innovative educational online school in the fields of finance, business and economics, in an interactive, multilingual e-learning format that's affordable and easy to use. Visit our website here http://www.globalfinanceschool.com/
Views: 3837 globalfinanceschool
Dirty Price Versus Clean Price: Bond Market Jargon And Conventions
 
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InsidersGuideToFinance.com facebook.com/insidersguidetofinance This presentation addresses a common misstatement encountered in most introductions to fixed income securities and markets. A bond’s price is usually defined as the present value of its future coupon and principal payments. That is usually not true, at least given the way most market participants would interpret price. The video explains market conventions and jargon regarding a bond’s clean price versus its dirty price
Debt vs. Equity Analysis: How to Advise Companies on Financing
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to analyze Debt vs. Equity financing options for a company, evaluate the credit stats and ratios in different operational cases, and make a recommendation based on both qualitative and quantitative factors. http://breakingintowallstreet.com/ "Financial Modeling Training And Career Resources For Aspiring Investment Bankers" Table of Contents: 0:50 The Short, Simple Answer 3:54 The Longer Answer – Central Japan Railway Example 12:31 Recap and Summary If you have an upcoming case study where you have to analyze a company's financial statements and recommend Debt or Equity, how should you do it? SHORT ANSWER: All else being equal, companies want the cheapest possible financing. Since Debt is almost always cheaper than Equity, Debt is almost always the answer. Debt is cheaper than Equity because interest paid on Debt is tax-deductible, and lenders' expected returns are lower than those of equity investors (shareholders). The risk and potential returns of Debt are both lower. But there are also constraints and limitations on Debt – the company might not be able to exceed a certain Debt / EBITDA, or it might have to keep its EBITDA / Interest above a certain level. So, you have to test these constraints first and see how much Debt a company can raise, or if it has to use Equity or a mix of Debt and Equity. The Step-by-Step Process Step 1: Create different operational scenarios for the company – these can be simple, such as lower revenue growth and margins in the Downside case. Step 2: "Stress test" the company and see if it can meet the required credit stats, ratios, and other requirements in the Downside cases. Step 3: If not, try alternative Debt structures (e.g., no principal repayments but higher interest rates) and see if they work. Step 4: If not, consider using Equity for some or all of the company's financing needs. Real-Life Example – Central Japan Railway The company needs to raise ¥1.6 trillion ($16 billion USD) of capital to finance a new railroad line. Option #1: Additional Equity funding (would represent 43% of its current Market Cap). Option #2: Term Loans with 10-year maturities, 5% amortization, ~4% interest, 50% cash flow sweep, and maintenance covenants. Option #3: Subordinated Notes with 10-year maturities, no amortization, ~8% interest rates, no early repayments, and only a Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) covenant. We start by evaluating the Term Loans since they're the cheapest form of financing. Even in the Base Case, it would be almost impossible for the company to comply with the minimum DSCR covenant, and it looks far worse in the Downside cases Next, we try the Subordinated Notes instead – the lack of principal repayment will make it easier for the company to comply with the DSCR. The DSCR numbers are better, but there are still issues in the Downside and Extreme Downside cases. So, we decide to try some amount of Equity as well. We start with 25% or 50% Equity, which we can simulate by setting the EBITDA multiple for Debt to 1.5x or 1.0x instead. The DSCR compliance is much better in these scenarios, but we still run into problems in Year 4. Overall, though, 50% Subordinated Notes / 50% Equity is better if we strongly believe in the Extreme Downside case; 75% / 25% is better if the normal Downside case is more plausible. Qualitative factors also support our conclusions. For example, the company has extremely high EBITDA margins, low revenue growth, and stable cash flows due to its near-monopoly in the center of Japan, so it's an ideal candidate for Debt. Also, there's limited downside risk in the next 5-10 years; population decline in Japan is more of a concern over the next several decades. RESOURCES: https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Debt-vs-Equity-Analysis-Slides.pdf
Finding Bond Price and YTM on a Financial Calculator
 
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A brief demonstration on calculating the price of a bond and its YTM on a financial calculator
Original Issue Discount (OID) on Debt Issuances
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn what "Original Issue Discount" or OID on Debt issuances means, and how it works on the financial statements. https://breakingintowallstreet.com/ "Financial Modeling Training And Career Resources For Aspiring Investment Bankers" Table of Contents: 0:51 The Short, Simple Answer 4:04 The Longer Answer – OID on Debt with Principal Repayments 10:28 Recap and Summary Resources: https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Original-Issue-Discount-Slides.pdf https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Original-Issue-Discount.xlsx SHORT ANSWER: OID comes up when a company issues Debt at a discount to par value, e.g., a bond is worth $100, but the company issues it for $90. Usually, the company does this because the bond's coupon rate (interest rate) is below the rates of other, similar bonds, and the company needs to incentivize investors to buy it. It may also happen if there are doubts about the company's credit quality and ability to eventually repay the bond. The company amortizes this discount on the financial statements and keeps increasing the Book Value of Debt on the Balance Sheet. But the company still pays Interest based on the Face Value of that Debt – the $100! So, for Debt with a Face Value of $100 at a 10% Interest Rate, issued at $90, there will be $10 in Cash Interest and $2 of OID Amortization per year. On the Income Statement, there will be $12 in Total Interest Expense, which reduces Pre-Tax Income, Taxes, and Net Income. On the Cash Flow Statement, Net Income is lower, and we add back the $2 in OID Amortization each year since it's a non-cash expense. On the Balance Sheet, the Book Value of Debt increases from $90 to $100 over time, going up by $2 per year, but the Face Value is a constant $100 (the Face Value is not shown on the BS). THE LONGER ANSWER: When there are Mandatory or Optional Repayments on the Debt, you must amortize the OID more rapidly. Companies call this "Extra Amortization" something like "Loss on Unamortized OID on Repayment," and it's based on % Debt Principal repaid in the current year * OID balance after OID Amortization in the current year. So, if the Beginning OID Balance is $10, and there's $2 OID Amortization with $20 Repayment in Year 1, it's ($20 / $100) * $8, or $1.6. The Amortization of OID itself also changes in this scenario, and it's now based on -MIN(OID Beginning Balance, OID Beginning Balance / Years Remaining in OID Amortization Period). The net effect is that instead of straight-line amortizing $2 of OID per year, we amortize a total of $4, then $3, then $2, then $1, then less than $1. On the financial statements, the "Loss on Unamortized OID on Repayment" counts as another expense on the Income Statement. Cash Interest, OID Amortization, and Loss on Unamortized OID on Repayment all reduce the company's Pre-Tax Income, Taxes, and Net Income. On the CFS, Net Income is lower, and you add back the last two components since they're both non-cash expenses. These items boost the company's FCF because they're non-cash items that reduce the company's taxes, similar to Depreciation. Does OID Really Matter? In most cases, no, not really. Most Debt is not issued at a huge discount to par value; the 1-3% range is typical in normal markets. The company saves a tiny amount on taxes as a result, especially in countries with relatively low corporate tax rates… …and it takes a lot of extra work to set up these OID calculations, especially if there are many tranches of Debt. So, be familiar with OID, but don't obsess over it. You could easily simplify it or ignore it in case studies and modeling tests and be fine.
Record Government Debt & Low to Negative Interest Rates Challenge Global Financial Stability [2019]
 
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Market volatility is back.  The roller coaster trade negotiations between the U.S. and China are lurching downward again causing a multi-day market sell-off rivaling declines in December of last year. The much bigger question is how stable is the world financial system?  A decade ago in the midst of the global financial crisis, it appeared to be on the brink of destruction.  Massive and unprecedented monetary stimulus by central banks and fiscal stimulus by governments stabilized financial markets and supported banks and businesses. There was a huge unwinding of debt in the financial, corporate and household sectors. Fast forward and the U.S. which was the epicenter of the financial crisis has led the world out of it. Since 2009, we have experienced the longest bull market in our history and are just weeks away from setting a record for the longest economic expansion. Two economic thought leaders assess the still challenged stability of the global financial system. WEALTHTRACK #1547 broadcast on May 10, 2019.
Views: 6284 WealthTrack