Trading with the Enemy - North German Lloyd presents NORTHERN WONDERLANDS and RUSSIA, July-August of 1935 Recon with S.S. RELIANCE of the Hamburg-American Line -- Reel 1, the ocean liner Reliance leaves New York harbor. Shows scenes of Reykjavik, Iceland; Jan Mayen Island; glaciers at Spitzbergen; Hammerfest, Norway; and the North Cape. Lapps herd reindeer. Reel 2 shows scenes of Trondheim, the fiords, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, and the countryside of Norway. Reel 3 shows the harbors, street scenes, churches, and public buildings of Bergen. Oslo, Tallinn, and Leningrad. Reel 4 shows street scenes, parks, public buildings, churches, and the Kremlin in Moscow and the harbors and cities of Helsingfors and Stockholm. Reel 5 shows scenes of Stockholm, the medieval ruins of Visby, castles and scenes of Copenhagen, and Kronborg Castle in Elsinore.
National Archives and Records Administration - ARC Identifier 37466 / Local Identifier 131.2 - Office for Emergency Management. Office of Alien Property Custodian. (04/21/1942 - 10/14/1946).
DVD copied by IASL Master Scanner Timothy Vollmer.
Usage CC0 1.0 Universal
Producer National Archives and Records Administration
Uploaded by Public.Resource.Org
Reviewer: agaponov - favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - March 8, 2013
Subject: It's definitely July-August of 1935
Very interesting film. It's definitely 1935, not 1936: in a Moscow frame flashes World Congress of the Comintern (7th World Congress of the Comintern
The Office of Alien Property Custodian was an office within the Government of the United States during World War I and again during World War II, serving as a Custodian of Enemy Property to property that belonged to US enemies.
President Woodrow Wilson appointed A. Mitchell Palmer, a political ally and former Congressman, Alien Property Custodian in October 1917. Palmer held the position from October 22, 1917, until March 4, 1919. A wartime agency, the Custodian had responsibility for the seizure, administration, and sometimes the sale of enemy property in the United States. Under the Trading with the Enemy Act, Palmer was allowed take control of property that might hinder the war effort, including all property belonging to interned immigrants, whether they had been charged with a crime or not. Palmer's background in law and banking qualified him for the position, along with his party loyalty and intimate knowledge of political patronage.
World War II
On 11 March 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9095 establishing the Office of the Alien Property Custodian as an independent agency under his direct authority. He appointed Leo Crowley, a former banker and chair of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation as APC. During the war the APC amassed a vast portfolio of enemy property including real estate, business enterprises, ships and intellectual property in the form of trademarks, copyrights, patents and pending patent applications. On May 13, 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued Executive Order 11281 which abolished the office, effective June 30 of that year.
Sec. 6 of the Trading with the Enemy Act, 40 Stat. 415, 50 U.S.C.App., authorizes the President to appoint an official known as the "alien property custodian," who is responsible for "receiv[ing,] ... hold[ing], administer[ing], and account[ing] for" "all money and property in the United States due or belonging to an enemy, or ally of enemy ... ." The Act was originally enacted during World War I "to permit, under careful safeguards and restrictions, certain kinds of business to be carried on" among warring nations, and to "provid[e] for the care and administration of the property and property rights of enemies and their allies in this country pending the war."
Leo Thomas Crowley (August 15, 1889–1972) was a member of the cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt as the head of the Foreign Economic Administration. Previously he had served as Alien Property Custodian and as chief of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. He also served President Harry Truman but due to philosophical differences, such as the advisability of conscription, declined to continue in Washington.
Leo Crowley was born to Thomas and Katie Crowley in Milton, Wisconsin, immigrants of Irish Catholic origin.
Very negatively for Crowley in 1955, Harry Truman wrote about how Crowley had caused a problem with the Russians when Germany was defeated. The episode was recounted by daughter Margaret Truman in 1973. She adds:
…the real lesson was one that he hesitated to state in his memoirs – the extreme hostility which certain men in government, such as Mr. Crowley, felt toward Russia.