The Silk Road and Ancient Trade: In which John Green teaches you about the so-called Silk Road, a network of trade routes where goods such as ivory, silver, iron, wine, and yes, silk were exchanged across the ancient world, from China to the West. Along with all these consumer goods, things like disease and ideas made the trip as well. As is his custom, John ties the Silk Road to modern life, and the ways that we get our stuff today. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Resources: Life Along the Silk Road by Susan Whitfield: http://dft.ba/-lifesilk The Silk Road: 2000 Years in the Heart of Asia: http://dft.ba/-2000years Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3609068 CrashCourse
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-silk-road-history-s-first-world-wide-web-shannon-harris-castelo With modern technology, a global exchange of goods and ideas can happen at the click of a button. But what about 2,000 years ago? Shannon Harris Castelo unfolds the history of the 5,000-mile Silk Road, a network of multiple routes that used the common language of commerce to connect the world's major settlements, thread by thread. Lesson by Shannon Harris Castelo, animation by Steff Lee.
Views: 1261436 TED-Ed
How China Is Reviving The Silk Road - https://youtu.be/IhdtvLpL9Hg » Subscribe to NowThis World: http://go.nowth.is/World_Subscribe Positive or negative, we hear a lot about globalization in the modern era. But where did it all begin? Learn More: UNESCO: About the Silk Road http://en.unesco.org/silkroad/about-silk-road BBC: The death of language? http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_8311000/8311069.stm KQED: Where Does Your T-Shirt Come From? Follow Its Epic Global Journey http://ww2.kqed.org/lowdown/2015/03/18/making-your-t-shirt-a-journey-around-the-world/ Music Track Courtesy of APM Music: "Ephimeral" Written by: Jennie Butler Edited by: Alex Esteves Produced by: Cailyn Bradley, Semany Gashaw & Lauren Ellis More from NowThis: » Subscribe to NowThis News: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today. Like NowThis World on Facebook: https://go.nowth.is/World_Facebook Connect with Judah: Follow @judah_robinson on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeJudah Connect with Versha: Follow @versharma on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeVersha http://www.youtube.com/nowthisworld
Views: 147903 NowThis World
The Romans in China Ancient Chinese documents dating back 1600 years have revealed the presence of Romans at the very heart of China as far back as the year 166 AD. According to these chronicles, they had been emissaries sent by the powers in Rome in order to establish relations with the Han Empire. Were they ambassadors or just ordinary merchants ? Maybe they were both… At the times of Augustus, Rome's first emperor, the empire had been enjoying two prosperous centuries. It was the era of the Pax Romana and Rome's power was to expand rapidly due to contacts and trade. Endless caravans supplied a steady stream of goods from the Orient to the ports of the Mediterranean. Each trip represented a perilous voyage of 11 000 km with dangers lurking along the trade routes, not least of them being the Huns who turned travelling into a dangerous and uncertain enterprise. Setting out from Antioch (Antakya), the merchants sent their goods to Asia via the terrestrial trade routes to Lo Yang, the capital of China. Along the road, intermediaries forced themselves upon the Roman and Chinese traders: the Parths, an Iranian tribe which occupied Persia. Their hold on the caravan routes was to become so powerful that the Romans looked for alternatives: it would be the maritime route. During the reign of Augustus, some 120 ships crossed the Indian Ocean. On behalf of the Romans, Tamil sailors expanded their maritime routes towards the golden land, in other words Indochina, then crossed the Malacca straits to reach China. The Romans had established trading posts all along the coast of Indochina and put Tamil or Indian agents in charge of them. ______________________________________________________________ *Couldn't find subtitles for the French experts translations for this documentary. Apologies.
Views: 1707 PANGEA
10 INCREDIBLE Facts about Ancient China!! From monumental defensive structures to every day inventions that many of us still use today…stay tuned to number 1 to find out what made ancient China a sought after trading destination. This top 10 brought to you by Zero2Hero!! Don't forget to subscribe here! https://goo.gl/NXuChu Click here to see the Top 10 AMAZING Stories of Survival! https://youtu.be/i5VC-YOVlyI Number 10: Great Wall of China. We’ll start the video with one of the most well known features from China’s vast history; the Great Wall China is one of the great wonders of the world. As far as defensive fortifications go, you don’t get much more impressive than this. Stone, brick, earth and other materials make up this incredibly long wall. Construction began on the wall over 2000 years ago and was added to by consecutive generations, and it is estimated that millions of people worked to build the Great wall over 1000 years. With so much wall stretched over such vast distances, it’s no surprise we are still find sections we didn’t even know about. In 2009, 180km of previously unknown sections were discovered. If you travel along the wall you would see it in various different conditions, from overgrown vegetation on forgotten sections, crumbling brick or complete sections destroyed, to the preserved and renovated areas nearest to tourist centers. Can it be seen from space? Well, I hate to disappoint you, but it can’t. Although NASA has said it can be seen with the naked eye from low Earth orbit, which is about 100 miles up, some continue to debate this. Number 9: Rice. The ancient Chinese agricultural way of life, which was centered heavily on rice, played an important role in the history and development of the country. For thousands of years, Chinese farmers diligently cultivated their land, and due to the production requirements of cultivating race, they developed irrigation techniques to help improve cultivation. By cultivating rice and increasing their agricultural way of life, they consequently developed social, economic, political and ideological developments that were closely linked and influenced by rice cultivation. In some parts of China, they have also combined rice cultivation with raising fish in a rice-fish aquaculture system, a practice that is still widely practiced today. This sustainable and innovative choice ensures that the rice protects the fish from the sun, and, in turn, fish eat the weeds that would cause harm to rice, as well as fertilizing the crop! Number 8: Foot Binding. Chinese foot binding was a practice that Chinese women took part in, and we don’t exactly know when and why it started. Some historians have dated its beginning to sometime during the 10th century, but no one knows for sure who started or why. However it was highly likely that it was the male perception of beauty that helped sustain the practice. The process worked by very slowly forcing the form of the foot into a strange crescent shape over the course of decades, and began when female children were young, and their bones were still soft. First the feet were submerged in hot water and then the four smaller toes were tightly wrapped in cotton bandages, nestling them under the rest the foot, angling it to create a sort of half-moon shape. After that, they had to rinse, wrap and repeat it for the rest of your life, every time making that little bit tighter. If the feet were not cared for, like cutting the toe nails, it could result in swollen, pus filled areas that created a horrible odor. In the worst cases whole toes might fall off, and that wasn’t the end of the effects on the body. Women would regularly suffer from severe headaches, poor circulation, and extreme hip discomfort. Thankfully this practice was stopped about three generations ago! Number 7: Chop Sticks. Today chopsticks are the norm of any Japanese or Chinese restaurant, and many of us still struggle to work out how to use them. As far as utensils go, these aren’t the easiest ones to use, but that is likely a view impacted by western traditions. Nevertheless, it is something you can learn easily enough with practice, and once you do, there will be no going back. They are commonly made of bamboo, plastic, wood or stainless steel, but they have also been made from porcelain, jade, ivory, silver and even gold and titanium. They were first used over 200 years ago in the ancient Han Chinese or the Zhou Dynasty, and later spread to other surrounding countries. Today you’ll find them used in Cambodia, China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, and Vietnams, in various styles and materials.
Views: 2232 Zero2Hero
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-history-of-tea-shunan-teng Tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water –– and from sugary Turkish Rize tea to salty Tibetan butter tea, there are almost as many ways of preparing the beverage as there are cultures on the globe. Where did this beverage originate, and how did it become so popular? Shunan Teng details tea’s long history. Lesson by Shunan Teng, animation by Steff Lee.
Views: 2415805 TED-Ed
Information on Ancient China's Geography, Bartering, Exports/Imports and Money. *Note* Perfect for Washington State required 8th Grade Ancient Civilizations projects!!!
Views: 1671 Charsiu Bokchoi
How did Asians do business in the past? What was needed when a businessman wants to enter ancient China? China Matters investigates more.
Views: 1818 China Matters
Enquiries contact [email protected] The first of three episodes in The Chinese Silk Road documentary series! In this episode, we explore the root of Islam in China in the ancient capital of Xian, before moving into the mountains to discover the incredible Maijishan cave grottoes. We then move on to Lanzhou to try a steaming bowl of the famous hand pulled noodles, before heading to the western end of the Great Wall of China at Jiayuguan.
Views: 316372 Graeme Langford
The Tang Dynasty has left legacies that remained until the end of imperial China. Founded after the victory of Li Yuan, who became the first Emperor of the Tang. He soon would fall to his son Li Shimin, known as Taozong who quickly introduced many reforms. Expanding massively and increasing export, the Golden Age of China would beginn. But the fall would follow soon after the great rise of the Chinese Empire. Following a short interregnum by the first and only female Empress Wu Zetian, the beginning of the Second Tang Dynasty would at the same time usher the end of this influential period. All about the rise and fall of this dynasty now on IT'S HISTORY. » The Complete PLAYLIST: http://bit.ly/HistoryOfChina » Paper, Print and Writing: http://bit.ly/SuckItGutenberg » JOIN OUR COMMUNITY FOR MORE HISTORY KNOWLEDGE! Write us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ITSHISTORYfb Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/thehistoryshow Your photos on Instagram: https://instagram.com/itshistorychannel » Interested in the First World War? Check out our PARTNER channel THE GREAT WAR! https://www.youtube.com/user/TheGreatWar » SOURCES Videos: British Pathé (https://www.youtube.com/user/britishpathe) Pictures: mainly Picture Alliance Content: Benn, Charles (2002), China's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang dynasty, Oxford University Press Ebrey, Patricia Buckley (1999), The Cambridge Illustrated History of China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Gascoigne, Bamber; Gascoigne, Christina (2003), The Dynasties of China: A History, New York Levathes, Louise (1994), When China Ruled the Seas, New York: Simon & Schuster Whitfield, Susan (2004), The Silk Road: Trade, Travel, War and Faith, Chicago: Serindia » ABOUT US IT’S HISTORY is a ride through history - Join us discovering the world’s most important eras in IN TIME, BIOGRAPHIES of the GREATEST MINDS and the most important INVENTIONS. » HOW CAN I SUPPORT YOUR CHANNEL? You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work. » CAN I EMBED YOUR VIDEOS ON MY WEBSITE? Of course, you can embed our videos on your website. We are happy if you show our channel to your friends, fellow students, classmates, professors, teachers or neighbors. Or just share our videos on Facebook, Twitter, Reddit etc. Subscribe to our channel and like our videos with a thumbs up. » CAN I SHOW YOUR VIDEOS IN CLASS? Of course! Tell your teachers or professors about our channel and our videos. We’re happy if we can contribute with our videos. » CREDITS Presented by: Guy Kiddey Script by: Guy Kiddey Translated by: Guy Kiddey Directed by: Daniel Czepelczauer Director of Photography: Markus Kretzschmar Music: Markus Kretzschmar Sound Design: Bojan Novic Editing: Markus Kretzschmar A Mediakraft Networks original channel Based on a concept by Florian Wittig and Daniel Czepelczauer Executive Producers: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson, Spartacus Olsson Head of Production: Michael Wendt Producer: Daniel Czepelczauer Social Media Manager: Laura Pagan and Florian Wittig Contains material licensed from British Pathé All rights reserved - © Mediakraft Networks GmbH, 2015
Views: 184699 IT'S HISTORY
The Opium War started as a dispute over trading rights between China and Great Britain. Regular trade between Europe and the Chinese had been ongoing for centuries. But China's trading restrictions frustrated the British who were eager to supply the Chinese people with the increasingly popular narcotic Opium. Circumventing the government's attempts to ban opium trade by smuggling and bribery, China declared the death sentence on Opium smuggling and refused to compensate British tradesmen for any losses. Furiously, the Brits sent out a fleet to demand compensation and end the Cohong trading monopoly. Fierce battles and attacks on the Chinese coast were followed. Find out all about the First Opium War from Indy in our new episode of Battlefields! » The Complete PLAYLIST: http://bit.ly/HistoryOfChina » Mentioned Videos: Battle of Trafalgar: The Battle of Trafalgar: http://bit.ly/TrafalgarBattle Weapons in Ancient China: http://bit.ly/1E8k4HF » JOIN OUR COMMUNITY FOR MORE HISTORY KNOWLEDGE! Write us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ITSHISTORYfb Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/thehistoryshow Your photos on Instagram: https://instagram.com/itshistorychannel » Interested in the First World War? Check out our PARTNER channel THE GREAT WAR! https://www.youtube.com/user/TheGreatWar » SOURCES Videos: British Pathé (https://www.youtube.com/user/britishpathe) Pictures: mainly Picture Alliance Content: Lovell, Julia: The Opium War: Drugs, Dreams and the Making of China Wei, Yuan: Chinese Account of the Opium War McPherson, Duncan: The First Opium War - The Chinese Expedition 1840-1842 Merwin, Samuel: Drugging a Nation - The Story of China and the Opium Curse Bernard, William Dallas; Hall, Sir William Hutcheon: Narrative of the Voyages and Services of the Nemesis, from 1840 to 1843. Isabel Hilton (The Guardian): The Opium War by Julia Lovell – review Perdue, Peter C. (MIT): The First Opium War http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/opium_wars_01/ow1_essay.pdf » ABOUT US IT’S HISTORY is a ride through history - Join us discovering the world’s most important eras in IN TIME, BIOGRAPHIES of the GREATEST MINDS and the most important INVENTIONS. » HOW CAN I SUPPORT YOUR CHANNEL? You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work. » CAN I EMBED YOUR VIDEOS ON MY WEBSITE? Of course, you can embed our videos on your website. We are happy if you show our channel to your friends, fellow students, classmates, professors, teachers or neighbors. Or just share our videos on Facebook, Twitter, Reddit etc. Subscribe to our channel and like our videos with a thumbs up. » CAN I SHOW YOUR VIDEOS IN CLASS? Of course! Tell your teachers or professors about our channel and our videos. We’re happy if we can contribute with our videos. » CREDITS Presented by: Guy Kiddey Script by: Dan Hungerford Directed by: Daniel Czepelczauer Director of Photography: Markus Kretzschmar Music: Markus Kretzschmar Sound Design: Bojan Novic Editing: Markus Kretzschmar A Mediakraft Networks original channel Based on a concept by Florian Wittig and Daniel Czepelczauer Executive Producers: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson, Spartacus Olsson Head of Production: Michael Wendt Producer: Daniel Czepelczauer Social Media Manager: Laura Pagan and Florian Wittig Contains material licensed from British Pathé All rights reserved - © Mediakraft Networks GmbH, 2015
Views: 469254 IT'S HISTORY
Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/a-day-in-the-life-of-an-ancient-athenian-robert-garland It’s 427 BCE, and the worst internal conflict ever to occur in the ancient Greek world is in its fourth year. Athens is facing a big decision: what to do with the people of Mytilene, a city on the island of Lesbos where a revolt against Athenian rule has just been put down. How did these kinds of decisions get made? Robert Garland outlines a day in the life of Athenian democracy. Lesson by Robert Garland, animation by Zedem Media. Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Peter Owen, Sama aafghani, Vinicius Lhullier, Connor Wytko, Marylise CHAUFFETON, Marvin Vizuett, Jayant Sahewal, Joshua Plant, Quinn Shen, Caleb ross, Elnathan Joshua Bangayan, Gaurav Rana, Mullaiarasu Sundaramurthy, Jose Henrique Leopoldo e Silva, Dan Paterniti, Jose Schroeder, Jerome Froelich, Tyler Yoshizumi, Martin Stephen, Justin Carpani, Faiza Imtiaz, Khalifa Alhulail, Tejas Dc, Govind Shukla, Srikote Naewchampa, Ex Foedus, Sage Curie, Exal Enrique Cisneros Tuch, Vignan Velivela, Ahmad Hyari, A Hundred Years, eden sher, Travis Wehrman, Minh Tran, Louisa Lee, Kiara Taylor, Hoang Viet, Nathan A. Wright, Jast3r , Аркадий Скайуокер, Milad Mostafavi, Singh Devesh Sourabh, Ashley Maldonado, Clarence E. Harper Jr., Bojana Golubovic, Mihail Radu Pantilimon, Sarah Yaghi, Benedict Chuah, Karthik Cherala, haventfiguredout, Violeta Cervantes, Elaine Fitzpatrick, Lyn-z Schulte, Sharon Chou, Henrique 'Sorín' Cassús, Tim Robinson, Jun Cai, Paul Schneider, Amber Wood, Ophelia Gibson Best, Cas Jamieson, Michelle Stevens-Stanford, Phyllis Dubrow, Eunsun Kim, Philippe Spoden, Samantha Chow, Armando Ello, Ayala Ron, Manognya Chakrapani, Simon Holst Ravn, Doreen Reynolds-Consolati, Rakshit Kothari, Melissa Sorrells, Antony Lee, and Husain Mohammad.
Views: 1614355 TED-Ed
Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free. http://bit.ly/2O6zUsK Told through the eyes of a daring modern day adventurer, this is the story of a unique chapter in the history of one of the world's greatest super-powers. This program chronicles the history of the great Ming Dynasty ‘treasure’ ships. Built in the early 15th century these ships gave China the capability of exploring and perhaps conquering the ‘world’. Content licensed from Sky Vision. Any queries, please contact us at: [email protected] Produced by Parthenon Entertainment
Views: 334533 Timeline - World History Documentaries
www.dimitrastasinopoulou.com The Silk Road is the world's oldest, and most historically important overland trade route. For over 2000 years, traders and merchants travelled the deserts of central Asia exchanging goods between the Chinese empire and the rest of the world. As a result, the oases of the desert sprang up into dynamic cities. A vast network of interconnected caravan routes that stretched for over 6,500 klm enabled the exchange of products and ideas between China and the rest of the world. The Silk Road began around 329 BCE, when Alexander the Great conquered the entire known world and promoted trade to the east and got its name from the lucrative Chinese silk trade along it. Though silk was certainly the major trade item from China, many other goods were traded, and various technologies, religions and philosophies. The great story of the Silk Road is that Buddhism travelled on it, from India. The dry climate has preserved many ruins, while many ethnic groups make their home in this part of China. The Ancient Silk Road started at Xian and then it reached Dunhuang, where it divided into three, the Southern, Central and the Northern Route. The pictures in this video start in Xian and cover the northern route. Xian is one of the oldest cities of China with more than 3,100 years of history. It is home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. The terracotta warriors, is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210--209 BC and whose purpose was to protect him in his afterlife. Lanzhou is the next stop. 100km SE on the Yellow River, are the Bingling Temple Caves. The first begun around 420 CE at the end of the Western Jin Dynasty. Work continued and more grottoes were added during the Wei, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. Their inaccessibility spared them from destruction during the Cultural Revolution, while an 80-foot Buddha is carved into the cliff. Dunhuang is located between the Taklamakan desert and Gobi desert. Taklamakan is the world's second largest shifting sand desert after Sahara. The Mogao caves, also called Thousand Buddha caves (the first was carved in 366AD) have the best Buddhist murals in the world. In Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region, China's largest province with only 20 million inhabitants, we visit Turpan, Urumqi and Kashgar. Turpan's, "Flaming Mountains", the hottest place in China, overshadow the cradle of the Turpan ancient civilization and oasis agriculture. Here we see the Gaochang city ruins, the former Uyghur capital (1st c BC) and the ancient Buddhist city of GaoHe Kerez (2nd c. BC). Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang and once an important station on the Silk Road, famous for being a major city furthest from any ocean. Kashgar, or Kashi, is a city with a history of more than 2,000 years. It was historically considered as the gateway and hub for the transfer of goods from China to Central Asia and Europe along the ancient Silk Road. Kashgar preserves the most complete Uygur culture, art and architecture and is famous for its bazaar and animal market. Starting in Beijing, The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, to protect the Chinese Empire against the enemies, while its border controls allowed the imposition of duties of goods transported along the Silk Road. The entire wall with all its branches measure 21,000 klm. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC. Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. The city's history dates back three millennia. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political center of the country and is renowned for its palaces, temples, gardens, tombs, walls gates and art treasures. MUSIC: Traditional Chinese Music "The Blooming of Rainy Night Flowers", "Ode to Coral", Instrumental Uyghur Music (Mining Rewabim), "Beijing Welcomes You" Official Album Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Music copyright is owned by the original artists. www.dimitrastasinopoulou.com
Views: 55223 Dimitra Stasinopoulou
"In the days of Kublai Khan, merchants traveled a dangerous road, carrying precious cargos of jade, gunpowder, sandalwood, and silk." So opens my audio visual which recreates the spirit of Marco Polo's epic journey across China in the 13th century
Views: 87083 Michael Fairchild
It's about more than just economics. Help us make more ambitious videos by joining the Vox Video Lab. It gets you exclusive perks, like livestream Q&As with all the Vox creators, a badge that levels up over time, and video extras bringing you closer to our work! Learn more at http://bit.ly/video-lab To learn more, visit https://reconnectingasia.csis.org/map/ Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO China's Belt and Road Initiative is the most ambitious infrastructure project in modern history. It spans over 60 countries and will cost over a trillion dollars. The plan is to make it easier for the world to trade with China, by funding roads, railways, pipelines, and other infrastructure projects in Asia and Africa. China is loaning trillions of dollars to any country that's willing to participate and it's been a big hit with the less democratic countries in the region. This makes the BRI a risky plan as well. But China is pushing forward because its goals are not strictly economic, they're also geopolitical. To truly understand the international conflicts and trends shaping our world you need a big-picture view. Video journalist Sam Ellis uses maps to tell these stories and chart their effects on foreign policy. Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com. Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H
Views: 3992995 Vox
It is quite well known that China has pretty much always been a powerful epicenter of creation, innovation, and trade commerce. From ahead of its time weaponry to painful social practices, here are nine crazy facts about the ancient Chinese. 8. Expert Weaponsmiths Predating most modern weaponry, the bow and arrow served many purposes in the lives of pretty much every surviving culture imaginable. Varying from simplistic models like that of the Native Americans to elongated Japanese bows, these tools were used for everything from hunting to wartime movements. During the Warring States Period that occured between 481 and 221 BC, the Chinese states noted a need for accuracy, control, and power within their existing traditional bows. 7. The Forbidden City Taking more than fourteen years to build and utilizing over a million workers, the Forbidden City loomed as a secretive, selective home and political epicenter for centuries. Constructed in 1406 by the Yongle Emperor Zhu Di, the impressive structure was originally intended to be a palace. Over time, it evolved into something much more imposing. Called the Forbidden City, the area housed the emperor and his family, as well as acted as a hosting ground for political visitors. 6. Foot Binding One of the most controversial aspects of antiquated Chinese culture, foot binding is now widely regarded as barbaric despite once being seen as the epitome of daintiness and beauty. Also known as lotus feet, the practice involved binding one’s foot with silk in an act that permanently disfigured the appendage. It is believed that foot binding originated in the 10th century after emperor Li Yu created a six foot tall lotus flower adorned with precious jewels and pearls before ordering his concubine Yao Niang to bind her feet into the shape of a crescent moon and dance on the massive flower’s petals. Others sought to mimic her and the trend was born, lasting well into the early 20th century. 5. Fighting Crickets: Every culture has its own dark form of entertainment. For the Romans, it was gladiator battles. For many ancient Southeast Asian families, cock fights were the way to pass time. In ancient China, crickets duked it out in controlled matches. Cricket fights were so popular that specific cricket bloodlines could cost insane amounts of money and the insects were kept in rather lavish homes with a diverse and healthy diet. Popularized around a thousand years ago during the rule of the Tang Dynasty, crickets would be arranged by weight class then goaded into fighting by having their antennae stimulated. 4. Pigtails Though the exact source of their introduction is unknown, pigtails have been used for centuries to depict innocence and purity. It has been theorized that this association actually started in China, where some regions used the hairstyle to indicate a woman's marital status. Two pigtails meant she was unwed while a single ponytail was favored by married women. Since so many young girls wore the pigtail style, it became a common connection that innocence and the youthful hairstyle went hand in hand. 3. The First Smallpox Vaccine It is well known that the smallpox vaccine was invented by Edward Jenner in 1776 after he noticed that milkmaids who had contracted cowpox did not get smallpox. Before this, though, the Chinese were recorded to have formatted a sort of vaccine as early as 1500. The doctor would scrape a scab off of a person infected with smallpox, crush it into a powder, then blow it into the nose of an uninfected person. 2. Silk Heist In ancient China, silk making was not only a prosperous industry, it was also a highly guarded, secretive way of life. The process was so protected that divulging the methods used to create the fine cloth was punishable by death. For thousands of years the source behind the luxurious Chinese fabric was unknown until 300 AD, when it was passed on to the Japanese by four Chinese girls. 1. Paper Money One of the most universally valuable inventions that changed the face of the entire world’s collective economies, paper money found its origin in ancient China. During a copper shortage during the 7th century, Tang Dynasty officials decided to attempt printing paper money due to how expensive mental coinage had become to product. From there, paper money caught on worldwide as a symbolic form of currency that was lighter, more easily created, and simple to regulate.
Views: 1733 All Things Human
2,000 Years of Chinese History! The Mandate of Heaven and Confucius: Crash Course World History #7 In which John introduces you to quite a lot of Chinese history by discussing the complicated relationship between the Confucian scholars who wrote Chinese history and the emperors (and empress) who made it. Included is a brief introduction to all the dynasties in Chinese history and an introduction to Confucius and the Confucian emphasis on filial piety, the role the mandate of heaven played in organizing China, and how China became the first modern state. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 5602096 CrashCourse
More films about China: https://rtd.rt.com/tags/china/ - The Ancient Silk Road was a major trade route that linked Europe and Asia between the 2nd century BC and the late 16th AD. - Modern China is a rapidly growing economy. “One Belt, One Road” is an initiative to revive the Silk Road to help the country play a bigger role in global affairs. - Ancient towns that were once key outposts on the Silk Road are undergoing rapid growth both economically and in infrastructure as they are to reprise their roles as major trading waypoints along the route - Citizens now enjoy new business opportunities and contribute further to developing their cities In its heyday, the ancient Silk Road was Eurasia’s most important trade route, connecting two rich continents to facilitate trade and cultural exchange. Modern-day China has seen near constant economic growth. It boasts of several record figures, including the highest number of skyscrapers and the longest railroads. Five years ago, the government announced a new plan, “One Belt, One Road”, an initiative to revive the Silk Road. The strategy seeks to help China play a bigger role in global affairs through developing an infrastructure that will unite the countries of the two continents under a cohesive economic area. Many ancient Chinese cities that were once outposts along the Silk Road, desert oases or transport hubs are now rapidly transforming themselves into megacities, so that they can, once again, service and profit from the trade route. New businesses are opening, facilitated by the development of a reliable transport system, which in turn brings greater tourist flow. Some cities are also grated the status of special economic area, offering attractive tax incentives to foreign investors. We visit two very different cities; Lanchjou and Urumchi, united by the Silk Road’s history. Both are experiencing rapid development. We meet businessmen who tell us how it feels to watch their home towns transform into economically and politically significant conurbations and how it inspires them to aim for international markets and seek new outlets for their businesses to grow. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 295600 RT Documentary
The British Empire's grasp on the Americas was slipping right at the time when they needed those resources most. The massive amounts of tea they imported from China had created a huge trade deficit, but the Chinese were reluctant to let any Europeans trade outside of the Canton port strictly controlled by the Hong. So Britain sent a formal embassy led by Earl George Macartney. Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon --- (Episode details below) Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Learn about the disastrous Macartney Embassy that tried and failed to improve British trade relations with China: http://bit.ly/28Ro4B1 Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator ____________ In 1792, Great Britain had just come out of an expensive war that cost them their control over many of their colonies in North America. Other wars had also cost them their access to the silver mines of South America, which had been helping fund so much of their trade with the Qing Dynasty of China. European traders all wanted greater access to China, but the Emperor was wary of letting outsiders too far into his country and kept them all penned up at the port of Canton, which was strictly regulated by the Hong business group. A flourishing blackmarket trade grew, but Britain wanted more. One trader, acting on his own initiative, grew bold enough to approach Beijing and attempt to get a hearing over his trade grievances, but the Chinese considered this a huge breach of protocal and an offense to the Emperor. Britain had to do something, however: they imported over 10 million pounds of tea each year, equal to 10% of the government's annual spending, and the fact that China did not have anywhere near as great an interest in British products meant that they were running an enormous trade deficit they could no longer sustain. The Crown appointed an official envoy, Earl George Macartney, with orders to end the Canton system, establish an embassy, and acquire rights to an island that would be under British control in the same way that the Porutuguese controlled Macao. The mission failed spectacularly. Although Macartney got permission to sail north and meet the Qianlong Emperor in his summer palace at Jehol, he refused to perform the traditional kowtow which was required upon meeting the Emperor. He presented gifts from the British court, but the Chinese interpreted these gifts as tribute, not trade enticements, and decided they had no need for nor interest in what he offered. Since he failed to get them to agree to any of his three requests, Britain wanted to find another way to address the trade imbalance with China. Soon, this would lead them to start bringing in opium. ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Get the outro music here! http://bit.ly/23isQfx *Music by Sean and Dean Kiner: http://bit.ly/1WdBhnm
Views: 2358805 Extra Credits
The Silk Road is an ancient trade route that connects China to the West. For centuries it has played an important role as a crosspoint for civilisations.Today it plays a key role in the geopolitics between China and the U.S. We hope you enjoyed and learn't something new from our video. You can help us make more videos by supporting our crowdfunding campaign; Would you like to support our channel? If you enjoyed or learnt something from this video, you may kindly support our crowdfunding campaign on www.fundmyvideo.com/kjvids Fund My Video enables video creators to recover costs for their videos, which are much higher than any revenues they receive for most channels. Most YouTubers make videos as a hobby and spend dozens of hours editing videos for little in return. Your contributions towards this channel will significantly help us create more content with even better quality. Many thanks for your support. For business and other enquiries please email [email protected] Links we want you to check out; KJ Vids Book Store - http://kjvids.co.uk/books Patreon Club - https://www.patreon.com/kjvids Fund My Video Page - https://www.fundmyvideo.com/kjvids
Views: 7435 KJ Vids
In which John Green teaches you the history of the Indian Ocean Trade. John weaves a tale of swashbuckling adventure, replete with trade in books, ivory, and timber. Along the way, John manages to cover advances in seafaring technology, just how the monsoons work, and there's even a disembowelment for you Fangoria fans. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2276121 CrashCourse
The early Silk Roads facilitated trade and the spread of ideas, technology, disease and religion across Eurasia in the beginning of the Common Era. Practice this yourself on Khan Academy right now: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/world-history/ancient-medieval/silk-road/e/key-concepts--silk-road World History on Khan Academy: From the earliest civilizations to the modern world, geography, religion, trade, and politics have bound peoples and nations together — and torn them apart. Take a journey through time and space and discover the fascinating history behind the complex world we inhabit today. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to KhanAcademy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 54513 Khan Academy
What do you know about Ancient China? Check out our #HistoryMonth learning song about the silk road, a trade route used for centuries to transport goods from China to Eastern Europe. The idea and lyrics for this song were written by my good buddy, Mr. Brady Baildon. Brady teaches 6th grade at an international school in Myanmar and made a stop in Taiwan so we could film this jam for his students. Hope you all enjoy! ✌SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://bit.ly/2F48qzK 📩 [FREE DOWNLOAD] 7 SECRETS OF MAKING YOUR OWN SONGS: http://eepurl.com/geN6WT 🎤 SING THE KARAOKE VERSION → Practice your skills: https://www.jamcampus.com/silk-road-song/ 🔥NEED A VIDEO CREATED FOR YOUR COMPANY? → Contact me now: [email protected] → See full portfolio: http://www.jamcampus.com/work-with-me/ 🎤 MORE JAM CAMPUS VIDEOS →Watch more Science Songs: http://bit.ly/2F0FJnb →Watch more History Songs: http://bit.ly/2HV8VOf →Watch more Math Songs: http://bit.ly/2F0d9GT 📷 EQUIPMENT I USE → Canon EOS M6 Camera: https://amzn.to/2yXPyDP → Canon EF-M 11-22 Lens: https://amzn.to/2KwOHyM → Canon EOS M Mount Adaptor: https://amzn.to/2tHYfMZ → Audio-Technica AT2020 Mic: https://amzn.to/2yYGH4W → Sony MDR1A Headphones: https://amzn.to/2KhHqTY → Adobe Creative Suite Editing Software: https://amzn.to/2KuszF1 ✅ CONNECT WITH US → Blog: https://www.jamcampus.com → Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/jamcampus → Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/jamcampus → Email: [email protected] Lyrics: CHORUS: Trade route, from China to Europe Generating trade for empires and kingdoms Helped to spread ideas And inventions and products, commerce and culture Across most of the world Merchants with products traded on the Silk Road VERSE 1: Merchants on the Silk Road trading Move goods from Europe to Asia Raiding bandits, crossing deserts and mountains It’s worth it, exotic goods worth a fortune From Europe, these goods were surplus: Grape, wine, glassware, olive oil Traded east where the goods, couldn’t get them, they were rare Along with trading products they spread culture and ideas Silk and spices China had the best there is Silk, known for softness And cherished by the Romans China’s goods were luxury Trips were long, cargo heavy How should we travel? A caravan Which animals? Handful of camels Bring the guards, to fend off bandits CHORUS: Trade route, from China to Europe Generating trade for empires and kingdoms Helped to spread ideas And inventions and products, commerce and culture Across most of the world Merchants with products traded on the Silk Road VERSE 2: Started back in the Han Dynasty Established routes over land and sea Fast forward, fourteen centuries on though Marco Polo went east on the Silk Road But new sea routes, Europe to Asia Quicker, cheaper minimizing all the danger After this, trading over land ended swiftly But the spread of ideas lives on in history Lyrics and performance by Jam Campus Instrumental composition by: https://www.fiverr.com/napbak
Views: 5254 Jam Campus
Build your beautiful website for 10% off at https://squarespace.com/wendover Subscribe to this brand new channel from Wendover Productions: https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Check out my podcast with Brian from Real Engineering: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/showmakers/id1224583218?mt=2 (iTunes link) https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_10vJJqf2ZK0lWrb5BXAPg (YouTube link) Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Get a Wendover Productions t-shirt for $20: https://store.dftba.com/products/wendover-productions-shirt Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: [email protected] Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington (https://www.youtube.com/heliosphere) Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Joe Cieplinski (http://joecieplinski.com/) This video was partially inspired by a chapter in Tim Marshall's "Prisoners of Geography": https://www.amazon.com/Prisoners-Geography-Everything-Global-Politics/dp/1783961414 Tibet highway photo by Matteo Melchior Potala Palace photo courtesy Ondřej Žváček Music: "Thoughtful" by Lee Rosevere and "Saver" by Podington Bear/Sound of Picture Big thanks to Patreon supporters: Kevin Song, Kevin Song, David Cichowski, Andy Tran, Victor Zimmer, Paul Jihoon Choi, Dylan Benson, M van Kasbergen, Etienne Dechamps, Adil Abdulla, Arunabh Chattopadhyay, Ieng Chi Hin, Ken Rutabana, John Johnston, Connor J Smith, Rob Harvey, Arkadiy Kulev, Hagai Bloch Gadot, Aitan Magence, Eyal Matsliah, Sihien Goh, Joseph Bull, Marcelo Alves Vieira, Hank Green, Plinio Correa, Brady Bellini
Views: 5482838 Wendover Productions
This lesson covers the origins of Chinese civilization up to the rise of the Qin Dyansty of Shi Huangdi. It gives a broad overview of the social, political, environmental, cultural, and economic characteristics of early China. Don't forget to hit the Like and Subscribe videos to make sure you receive notifications about upcoming Literature, Grammar, Reading, Writing, and World History lessons from MrBrayman.Info. Below is the outline of the slides used in the lesson: Ancient China Remember to use your SPICE graphic organizer to help you keep track of the details. I'll be clearly labeling the SPICE elements in the Unit 1 Lessons, but after that, I won't, so develop these skills now. Mentally make comparisons and contrasts with the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, and Indian civilizations Interactions with the Environment Another River Valley Civilization?...? Yellow River Rich in silt (dissolved soil and dead plants)—very fertile Experiences heavy flooding—"China's Sorrow" Politics and Interactions with the Environment 4000 BCE—first farming settlements along the Yellow River Different mixes of farming, hunting, and fishing Early politics may have been organized to set up irrigation and flood control systems—remains an important part of Chinese politics Politics 1500 BCE: beginnings of warrior kings setting up larger kingdoms Nomads from the north and west invaded and set up kingdoms Politics, Interactions, Culture Shang Dynasty (1500 BCE) Nomads Chariots and Bronze Weapons Shang "God-King" who was the center of the world (later this will be the "Mandate of Heaven") Developed a bureaucracy (all the people who work in a government and make it work) Culture Writing—Oracle Bones As always, this was the job of the priests Later, this became the job of the bureaucracy Writing and cultural unity Dialects are different speech Writing was/is consistent Allowed for cultural, political, and economic unity across a large area Politics—Shang to Zhou Shang lost control of dukes and other nobles far from their capitol (this will be a repeating pattern) Wu and the Duke of Zhou defeated the Shang and set up the Zhou Dynasty in 1125 BCE Politics Zhou Feudalism Feudalism: King/Emperor owns all the land and gives it out to warrior/nobles who agree to support him financially and militarily Gave the Zhou more central power and control than the Shang had Social Changes Zhou developed the ideal of the Mandate of Heaven "Mandate" means command Political Legitimacy: how do we decide who is in charge? "Kings are kings because Heaven (God) wants them to be king... Society Shi bureaucrats were very important to the Zhou Allowed them to rule a large area Literate and educated Landowners—sometimes warriors, sometimes not (large amount of power for non-warriors) Society and Politics Zhou were from Western China and were more Turkic (lighter hair, skin, and eyes) than the native Chinese who they conquered Set up a social structure based on appearance Economics Limited trade—Himalayas, Western Deserts, and Bandit Nomads Focused on technological improvements to farming Mostly took care of themselves and grew their population Zhou Declines 771 BCE: Here come the Northern Barbarians... Breakdown in the feudal system—nobles breaking off, starting local, petty kingdoms and not supporting the Zhou (This will be a common pattern in Chinese history) Confucius We will focus on Confucius a lot in the next period of history, so remember that he comes out of this period of Chinese history (even though his greatest influence will be on the next period) Lesson Complete
Views: 1778 Brook Brayman
This is a chapter from the ClickView series, Key Groups in Ancient China. The full 25 minute programme is available with closed captions and additional resources. For more information on ClickView's video library for secondary schools, please visit http://clickv.ie/w/aATi The social hierarchy in Ancient China was paramount. Emperors, government officials, nobles, peasants, merchants and slaves all had their role to play within Chinese society. As the ruling power in Ancient China for centuries, Chinese Emperors were at the top of the social order. Believing their authority to rule was granted from heaven, they lived a life very different from ordinary people. Curriculum Codes: ACDSEH041, ACDSEH042, ACHAH107, ACHAH106
Views: 13986 ClickView
Nativeartefacts.com Ancient Trading Partners China And Africa
Views: 696 nativeartefacts
China's $1 trillion One Belt One Road (New Silk Road) initiative is unprecedented in size and scope. President Xi Jinping has sealed megaproject deals with 65 countries to construct ports, power stations, rail lines, roads, and all the tunnels and bridges needed to connect them back to mainland China. Get your free audiobook: http://www.audibletrial.com/TheDailyConversation Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Video by Bryce Plank and Robin West Music: "Electro Sketch" by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/?keywords=electro+sketch&Search=Search "Abstract Electronic" & "Dark Noir VHS Score" by MotionArray.com "City of Industry" & "Dark Night" by Matt Stewart-Evans: https://soundcloud.com/mattstewartevans https://www.facebook.com/Matthew.Stewart.Evans Information sources: https://www.forbes.com/sites/wadeshepard/2017/05/13/i-spent-two-years-on-chinas-belt-and-road-and-this-is-what-i-found-part-1/#7d48bf724b68 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belt_and_Road_Initiative https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/13/business/china-railway-one-belt-one-road-1-trillion-plan.html?_r=2 https://qz.com/983581/chinas-new-silk-road-one-belt-one-road-project-has-one-major-pitfall-for-african-countries/ https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/24/business/china-downgrade-explained.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23Me5E0eUTM https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2017/05/17/whats-driving-chinas-new-silk-road-and-how-should-the-west-respond/ ...and the Internet. Script: Having recently completed both the world’s most extensive system of expressways and the planet’s longest high speed rail network, China is now looking beyond its borders for opportunities to keep building. President Xi Jinping announced at a recent summit that Beijing has sealed megaproject deals with 65 countries throughout Eurasia and Africa to construct ports, power stations, rail lines, roads, and all the tunnels and bridges needed to connect them back to mainland China. At a total cost of over $1 trillion, the One Belt, One Road initiative is unprecedented in size and scope. So is the bold funding mechanism: China will use its large, state-run banks to provide most of the financing, a risky move, when you consider how few of the nations in the O.B.O.R. could afford something like this on their own. “Oh,” say the leaders of economically-challenged, underdeveloped Laos, Yemen, or Ethiopia — or the blood-soaked regime of Bashar al-Assad in war-ravaged Syria — “you want to loan us billions of dollars to build some cool stuff in our countries? Of course, why not!?” China is hard-selling the project as a way to boost its westward connections, an update of the silk road trade route that played a significant role in developing China and the rest of the region 1,000 years ago. But many analysts see this comparison as little more than a marketing pitch. Al Jazeera clip: “Is the real point of this, East-West service then simply to boost China’s westward connections? [Pauline Loong] “Well I wouldn’t say simply to boost China’s westward connections, but I totally agree with Charles that it’s more a PR stunt. To call it the “Silk Road,” that’s really brilliant—evocative of romantic camel travels in the past. When, you know, you have these lovely silks and trade and so forth. And it’s good, because look at all the headlines it has been getting, but in practical terms, it’s early days yet.” [Bryce] Aside from the lessons China learned from its own recent infrastructure boom, Beijing is also drawing inspiration from the American Marshall Plan which financed the rebuilding of Western Europe after it was decimated during the second world war. That program was worth the equivalent of $130 billion in today’s dollars and ensured the US had reliable export markets for the manufactured goods and machinery its growing economy had become dependent on producing. China’s modern version — first announced in 2013 — is the signature initiative of President Xi Jinping. Several projects have already been completed. Earlier this year London became the 15th European city connected directly to China through an ever-expanding global rail system, meaning freight trains loaded with goods can now arrive after a 12,000km journey all the way from the east coast of the landmass. And, at a cost of $4 billion, China also just completed Africa’s first transnational electric railway, which runs 466 miles from Djibouti to Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. Chinese companies designed the system, built the line, and supplied the train cars...
Views: 1060207 The Daily Conversation
Ancient China has many notable women who were mothers to famous individuals in Chinese history. Through their virtuous upbringing, wisdom, and support, these exemplary mothers helped to shape the destiny of their children, and the nation. One famous mother was Yue Mu—the mother of the great General Yue Fei, who was born in 1103, towards the end of the Northern Song Dynasty. Yue Fei's parents were humble farmers in what is today's Henan Province. When Yue Fei was a young man, China was constantly attacked from the north by the Jurchen army. At the time, the Song Imperial court urgently needed soldiers to defend the country. One story has it that, Yue Fei was so caring and loyal to his mother that he was ready to stay at home to look after her instead of going to war. But his mother would not let the son do that! Knowing her son was torn between loyalty to the country and filial piety for his mother, Yue Mu encouraged her son to embrace the honor of defending his country. To inspire her son, she tattooed four Chinese characters on his back: "Jing zhong bao guo." It means to "serve the country with loyalty." With his mother's blessing and unwavering support, Yue Fei joined the army, and later became one of the greatest military general during the Southern Song Dynasty. When his mother died in 1136, Yue Fei took leave to respect the mourning period. But he was called back for duty to fight in a battle against the Jin Dynasty in the north. Today, General Yue Fei is a symbol of filial piety and loyalty. His mother is revered for the significant role she played in shaping her son's destiny. Ancient Chinese history has another famous mother. She is Chang-shih, the mother of Mencius—one of China's greatest philosophers, who lived during the fourth century B.C. When Mencius was still a child, his father passed away. His mother had to care for him alone and although they were very poor, this did not stop her trying to find a good environment for her son's upbringing. One story has it that Mencius' mother moved house three times before finding a suitable home. The first home was near a cemetery. She noticed young Mencius imitating the mourners in funeral processions, and realized it was not a good environment for her son. So she moved near to a market place. But when she saw Mencius imitating the traders' haggling voices, she decided to move again. She didn't want her son to behave like the traders, as in ancient China, merchants and traders were considered the lowest social class. Mencius' mother then moved to a house near a school. When she saw Mencius imitating the scholars, she was assured that it's the right place to bring up her son. Inspired by the scholars, young Mencius went to study and grew up to became one of the most famous Confucian scholars. Today, the expression, "Mencius' mother, three moves," or "mèng mǔ sān qiān" in Chinese, has become a well-known Chinese four-character idiom. It refers to the importance of having a good environment to bring up children. By Margaret Trey, PhD.
Views: 6462 NTDonChina
Explorer and photographer Jeff Fuchs talks about his journey along the tea horse road, an ancient Chinese trade route, at a Canada-China Friendship Society event in Ottawa on Feb. 28, 2014. Copyright (c) 2014 - Jeff Fuchs / Frederic Dekkal / Lois Siegel Productions Inc. All Rights Reserved
Views: 66 Video North Ottawa
Camels plodding across the desert, and a sense of timelessness evoked by Kitaro's theme music... NHK devoted 17 years to the planning, shooting and production of The Silk Road, which unearthed trade routes linking long-lost civilizations of East and West. A landmark in broadcasting history, this series told the story of the rise and fall of ancient civilizations. The NHK Tokushu and China's CCTV documentary series The Silk Road began on April 7, 1980. The program started with the memorable scene of a camel caravan crossing the desert against the setting sun, with Kitaro's music and a sense of timelessness. It was the start of an epic televisual poem. The first journey described in the series began in Chang'an (now Xi'an), at the eastern end of the ancient route. On 450,000 feet of film, the NHK crew recorded the path westward to the Pamir Heights at the Pakistan border and this material was edited to make 12 monthly broadcasts. In response to viewers' requests that the series be extended to cover the Silk Road all the way to Rome, sequels were made over the next 10 years. Seventeen years after the program was conceived, the project was completed. 1) The Glories of Ancient Chang-An Chang-An - China's old center. The journey begins from Chang-An, current Xi-an that was more than 1,000 years a capital in China, and the melting pot of international influences.
Views: 336367 MrGregjur
China’s ancient Silk Road derived its name from the international silk trade carried out along routes between China and the Mediterranean in the first millennium. The goods were transported in large “camel caravans” in ancient times, but nowadays silk has been replaced by electrical and mechanical equipment while the camels have been overtaken by trucks, trains and planes. Total trading volume between China and Belt and Road countries stood at 953.59 billion US dollars in 2016, making up 25.7 percent of China’s total global trade, slightly up from 25.4 percent in 2015, amid sluggish global economic growth. Subscribe to us on YouTube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Watch CGTN Live: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L2-Aq7f_BwE Download our APP on Apple Store (iOS): https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download our APP on Google Play (Android): https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ChinaGlobalTVNetwork/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cgtn/?hl=zh-cn Twitter: https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/CGTNOfficial/ Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 1476 CGTN
Let’s learn about The Silk Road! Discover about the route which was for years the most important way of exchange between East and West. Did you know the journey was so long and dangerous? Educational, fun, imaginative animation series for children. Learning is fun! Culture is the best! World Ahoy is the Best Fun! Narrated and Subtitled in English. Learn General Culture in English... and learn English through General Culture. ------ Do you understand english but some people of your country don't? We're opening the translations of the community. Now you can contribute to the channel and help us subtitle our videos! We're looking forward to get submissions of tamil, spanish, french... and more. Even english is welcome! Click here to start translating: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCwFhxWXKpF2SVZZOXXOOOgA&tab=2 Thank you for your kindness... and never stop learning!
Views: 49076 WORLD AHOY animation series
The jade trade between Myanmar and China is worth an estimated US$30 billion a year - about half of Myanmar’s GDP. But jade mining is a bloodstained business built on drug addiction, slave labour and massive environmental destruction. Who should be responsible for the dark side of jade? For more, SUBSCRIBE to CNA INSIDER! https://www.youtube.com/cnainsider Follow CNA INSIDER on: Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cnainsider/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cnainsider/ Website: https://cna.asia/cnainsider Watch the full documentary series: https://www.channelnewsasia.com/new-silk-road About the series: It was a legendary trading route that for thousands of years connected Europe with Asia, and ancient Rome with Ancient China. Known as the Silk Road, it stretched through some of the most rugged terrain in the world 2000 years ago. Now modern China is building a new Silk Road. The New Silk Road, also known as the One Belt One Road plan, is a hugely ambitious initiative launched by Presdent Xi Jinping in 2013. It will link up over 65 countries and 4.4 billion people. That is about 60 per cent of the world’s population. Channel NewsAsia’s documentary team has travelled across the globe to 7 regions to investigate what the Silk Road means for individuals, companies and countries. The epic journey takes viewers from the future ports of China to naval bases in the Philippines, to safaris in Africa, wushu schools in Iran and ghettos in Greece. The programme received an Award for Best Documentary (International Affairs) at the New York Festivals.
Views: 27978 CNA Insider
Have you ever wondered about slavery in the Ancient World? In this video we uncover the facts about slaves throughout the Ancient World including place like the Roman Empire, Ancient China, and Ancient Africa! With the honorable mention of the Babylonian Empire of course. Please feel free to give feedback down in the comment section below, it is very much appreciated. Be sure to subscribe to get instant updates when a new video is released. Note: I apologize on the lateness of this video, I am going to try to get into an uploading schedule so I don't leave you guys hanging for weeks on end. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCaFZ3kMzT84IsL8zCkIQPXQ?sub_confirmation=1 Twitter: https://twitter.com/TalesHistory
Views: 19329 Tales of History
Relaxing Instrumental Asian Music: Chinese Meditation Music played with traditional instruments Ehru, Guzheng, Koto, Oriental Music We're focused on creating a beautiful Collection of Long Music Videos for you to relax and enjoy in your daily Meditation. In Nu Meditation Music you will find calming, soothing tunes (most are ethereal ambient instrumentals) and nature sounds that will help you enter deep relaxation states. The playlists in this channel can be used as background music for the following activities: RELAXATION Relaxing music for stress relief! There are many stress relief techniques you can combine with stress relief music. We often use a combination of music with nature sounds like thunder sounds, rain sounds and ocean sounds (we find it very useful for stress relief meditation). We use ethnic instruments like the Shakuhachi flute, ethnic strings like the Sitar, Ambient Pads but also Classical Instruments like the Piano and the Harp. If you have an anxiety disorder, an anxiety attack, or just wanting to relax and stay positive, we invite you to listen to our peaceful instrumental music and enjoy anxiety relief: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLz9P6flgCsqq_vsONXa9OfhiKCng5-yB0 MEDITATION The world would be such a better place if everyone practiced meditation! We're creating a collection of Monk Chants, Tibetan Chants, Tibetan Singing Bowls Music, Mantras, Music based on Chakra Frequencies (Solfeggio Frequencies), Healing Music based on Fibonacci proportions and Binaural Beats to help enter meditative states. If you like Kundalini Meditation, Guided Meditations, Zazen, Deepak Chopra Meditations, Mooji Meditations, Eckhart Tolle Meditations and SadhGuru Meditations, we invite you to enjoy this playlist with compositions we selected for you: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLz9P6flgCsqoHAbI0k_Tt61ev3kyCgLVf YOGA There are several types of yoga like, Anusara, Ashtanga, Bikram, Hatha, Iyengar, Kripalu, Kundalini, Sicananda, among others. You can listen to our music when practicing yoga for weight loss, yoga for flexibility, yoga for beginners and yoga for relaxation. Have you ever searched for Long Music Playlist for your Yoga exercises? Influences in this type of music is mainly from World Music, Traditional Oriental Music, Indian Classical Music, Ragas, and Native American Music. If you are a yoga beginner or even a yoga teacher we invite you to listen to this Yoga Music Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLz9P6flgCsqqd_a9Ky1NLAuLdpY49NFSi We also recommend checking out "Doyouyoga" and "Fightmaster Yoga" Youtube channels! MUSIC FOR READING Our tunes can also be used as soft background music for reading. If you are interested in spiritual books we recommend the readings of Louise Hay, Krishnamurti Jiddu, Augusto Cury, James Redfield, Robin Sharma, Zibia Gasparetto, Deepak Chopra, Marianne Williamson and Rhonda Byrne. SLEEP 8 HOURS long calming soothing nature sounds and sleep music that will help you get to sleep fast. If you are looking for a noise canceling sound or just wanting to calm the mind, you can listen to this playlist of relaxing nature sounds and calming music. Sometimes we incorporate binaural beats in some music videos to help you enter deep sleep states. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLz9P6flgCsqokEP2SLxuKLRn-_CIIweci ==================== SUBSCRIBE! NEW VIDEOS COMING SOON http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=numeditationmusic NUMEDITATIONMUSIC https://www.youtube.com/user/numeditationmusic LET'S CONNECT! Nu Meditation Music --https://www.facebook.com/numeditationmusic --https://twitter.com/NuMeditationMus --https://plus.google.com/+numeditationmusic Photo by dbgg1979 under the Creative Commons license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
Views: 2727892 Nu Meditation Music
Get tickets to the best show on earth!!! http://bit.ly/2oDDr4o ★↓FOLLOW ON SOCIAL MEDIA!↓★ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/doublechenshow?fref=ts Instagram: http://instagr.am/Mikexingchen Twitter: http://twitter.com/Mikexingchen Snapchat: Mikeychenx Periscope: Mikexingchen ~Send stuff at our PO Box! Mike Chen PO Box 610 Middletown, NY 10940 --------------------------
Views: 278326 The Chen Dynasty
Full episode and more: https://www.amazon.com/China-The-New-Silk-Road/dp/B07C33K25L/ref=sr_1_3?s=movies-tv&ie=UTF8&qid=1523980046&sr=1-3&keywords=great+decisions+in+foreign+policy https://vimeo.com/ondemand/gdtv18 This is an excerpt from Great Decisions 2018's "China: The New Silk Road" Dan Blumenthal, Dan Russel, Brian Eyler, Alexis Crow, Dan Rosen, Stephen Orlins, and David Dollar Narrated by Academy Award nominated actor David Strathairn and featuring the most important voices in international affairs, Great Decisions in Foreign Policy brings you eight half-hour documentaries, each tackling a different foreign policy challenge facing America today.
Views: 2938 Foreign Policy Association
China first revealed itself to the world in the 2nd century BC with the Great Silk Road. The legendary trade route ran from the heart of the Celestial Empire all the way to the Mediterranean Sea. However, it suddenly vanished in the Middle Ages and seemed to be gone forever… until recently. The Chinese government has decided to reach back into history with a grand initiative dubbed ‘One Belt, One Road’. The objective is to breathe new life into the ancient trading corridor to develop and enhance both economic and cultural partnerships with the other countries along the route. Because Russia holds a special place among the many countries involved, a media-forum was organized to give Russian journalists a taste of modern China. Among those invited was radio and TV presenter, Anna Alabert, who is our guide as she travels the Chinese section of the modern-day Silk Road. The first stop is Xi’an, famous for its awe-inspiring terracotta army. The 3,100 year-old city has now become a high-tech hub and home to a joint Russian-Chinese techno park symbolically named ‘The Silk Road.’ Next, we head to Lanzhou. Though the city was once considered the crown of jewel of the old Silk Road, as recently as 50 years ago it was just a humble town with little infrastructure. Today, Lanzhou has regained its status as a major transport hub and looks like a giant construction site as it evolves into a futuristic city. On to Dunhuang, the city Marco Polo visited in the late 13th century. Travellers on the old Silk Road used to flock here to see the famous Mogao caves, which contain thousands of stunning sculptures and frescos dating from the 4th century AD. Also nearby is Yangguan, which marked China’s frontier in ancient times and served as a customs point for merchant caravans. Last stop is the seemingly nondescript Qorghas, which has become a commercial Mecca thanks to the Silk Road revival. Dubbed a ‘duty-free town’, its wide selection of goods and remarkably low prices now attract millions of visitors from around the world. More films about China: https://rtd.rt.com/tags/china/ SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 16688 RT Documentary
China's best diplomats are the ones that sit around and eat bamboo all day. Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com to get up to speed on everything from Kurdistan to the Kim Kardashian app. China has given pandas to foreign powers long before the 20th century, but the most current iteration of panda diplomacy began in the 1950s with its gifting of Ping Ping and An An to the Soviet Union. Today, pandas are no longer gifted, but rather loaned to other countries, particularly those with which China wants to develop and strengthen relations. Not only are pandas an iconic symbol of China and its culture, they also act as diplomats in China’s global political strategy. Check out the original article here: http://www.vox.com/2014/5/23/5742002/panda-diplomacy-china-soft-power-kathleen-buckingham-malaysia-panda-loan Check out our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H Or on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Views: 1342743 Vox
Originally published January 25, 2015 China is planning a transcontinental network of bridges, tunnels, railways and ports that will stretch from Southeast Asia to Western Europe as part of a new Silk Road trade route aimed at creating new markets for Chinese goods. China calls the proposed trade route the Silk Road Economic Belt, or “One Road, One Belt.” The land-based route will start from the Chinese city of Xi’an and continue through Urumqi in Xinjiang as well as several Central Asian cities before terminating in Venice, Italy. The maritime portion of the Silk Road route begins in Venice, Italy and travels down Africa’s northeastern coast to Mombasa in Kenya. The shipping route continues through the Maldives and a massive Chinese-backed Colombo Port City in Sri Lanka before passing through Southeast Asia and ending in Fuzhou, China. Since Chinese President Xi Jinping entered office in March 2013, he and Premier Li Keqiang have traveled to countries on the historic Silk Road using the planned trade route as a major talking point at official meetings. Capitalizing on increasing internationalization of the renminbi, China has offered low-cost financing to all participating countries so that they can develop the infrastructure necessary for the global venture. Most of the funding for the ambitious plan comes from a $40 billion Silk Road Development Fund and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. As China continues to expand its trade network across the world, it has largely ignored the environmental and social impacts of its plans. China’s plans may also do little to appease existing suspicions among many of China’s neighbors who believe China seeks territorial expansion. It is clear that while China believes other countries will also gain from the trade route, China’s ultimate goal is most likely to achieve greater economic, political and cultural influence in countries on the new Silk Road.
Views: 10310 News Direct
This talk explores how the Three Kingdoms development team is building the game’s many interlocking systems around the concept of Wu Xing – the ancient Chinese philosophy that describes the interrelationships of the five elements to view the workings of the world. -- Watch live at https://www.twitch.tv/egx
Views: 6889 EGX
The Silk Road, or Silk Route, is a network of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East by merchants, pilgrims, monks, soldiers, nomads, and urban dwellers from China and India to the Mediterranean Sea during various periods of time. Extending 4,000 miles (6,437 kilometres), the Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in Chinese silk carried out along its length, beginning during the Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). The Central Asian sections of the trade routes were expanded around 114 BC by the Han dynasty, largely through the missions and explorations of Chinese imperial envoy, Zhang Qian. The Chinese took great interest in the safety of their trade products and extended the Great Wall of China to ensure the protection of the trade route. Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the civilizations of China, the Indian subcontinent, Persia, Europe, the Horn of Africa and Arabia, opening long-distance, political and economic relations between the civilizations. Though silk was certainly the major trade item from China, many other goods were traded, and religions, syncretic philosophies, and various technologies, as well as diseases, also travelled along the Silk Routes. In addition to economic trade, the Silk Road served as a means of carrying out cultural trade among the civilizations along its network. The main traders during antiquity were the Chinese, Persians, Somalis, Greeks, Syrians, Romans, Armenians, Indians, and Bactrians, and from the 5th to the 8th century the Sogdians. During the coming of age of Islam, Arab traders became prominent. In June 2014 UNESCO designated the Chang'an-Tianshan corridor of the Silk Road as a World Heritage Site. The Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative Chinese silk trade, a major reason for the connection of trade routes into an extensive transcontinental network. The German terms Seidenstraße and Seidenstraßen ("the Silk Road(s)/Route(s)") were coined by Ferdinand von Richthofen, who made seven expeditions to China from 1868 to 1872. Some scholars prefer the term "Silk Routes" because the road included an extensive network of routes, though few were more than rough caravan tracks. As the domestication of pack animals and the development of shipping technology increased the capacity for prehistoric people to carry heavier loads over greater distances, cultural exchanges and trade developed rapidly. In addition, the vast grassland steppes of Asia provided fertile grazing, water, and easy passage for caravans, enabling merchants to travel immense distances, from the shores of the Pacific to Africa and deep into Europe, without trespassing on agricultural lands and arousing hostility. From the 2nd millennium BC, nephrite jade was being traded from mines in the region of Yarkand and Khotan to China. Significantly, these mines were not very far from the lapis lazuli and spinel ("Balas Ruby") mines in Badakhshan, and, although separated by the formidable Pamir Mountains, routes across them were apparently in use from very early times. The Tarim mummies, mummies of non-Mongoloid, apparently Caucasoid, individuals, have been found in the Tarim Basin, in the area of Loulan located along the Silk Road 200 kilometres (124 miles) east of Yingpan, dating to as early as 1600 BC and suggesting very ancient contacts between East and West. These mummified remains may have been of people who spoke Indo-European languages, which remained in use in the Tarim Basin, in the modern day Xinjiang region, until replaced by Turkic influences from the Xiongnu culture to the north and by Chinese influences from the eastern Han dynasty, who spoke a Sino-Tibetan language.
Views: 67340 MadeInTurkey
The Rolls Royce of ancient transportation has been unearthed in northwestern China's Gansu Province. It was a royal conveyance dating from the Warring States’ period some 2,400 years ago. But restoring it to its former glory has been a challenge. Find out more. Subscribe to us on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/user/CCTVNEWSbeijing Download for IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download for Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cctvnewschina Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTVNEWS Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CCTVNEWSbeijing Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 4676 CGTN
Tang dynasty ceramics, pottery, porcelain. China online museum the tang dynasty is famous for its energetically modeled and brightly colored tomb figurines. Made from low fired earthenware and intended exclusively for history and galleries of chinese ceramics, pottery, and porcelain. One of the most famous is the three colored ware of the tang dynasty ( ad), chinese ceramic ware shows a continuous development since imperial. Early wares;. Han dynasty, bc ad;. Sui and tang that their prices nearly matched genuine antique wares of the song dynasty or even older find great deals on ebay for tang dynasty in asian antique human statues. Ancient chinese tang dynasty sancai pottery attendant groom figure ad tang dynasties porcelain. The tang period firmly established the following dominant porcelain production trend greenwares in the south and white wares in find great deals on ebay for tang dynasty in chinese antiques. Rare antique chinese th th century tang dynasty figures (ad ) ancient chinese tang dynasty sancai glazed pottery bactrian camel ad chinese antique ceramics tang sancai horse statue collection & Bids charming tang dynasty terracotta horse, (tang dynasty ad) these ancient chinese pottery steeds are found in every kind of dcor by the tang dynasty (a.D. To ), lavish displays of pottery horses and lark e. Mason jr. Writes in ''asian art'' (antique collectors' club, ) c antique chinese porcelain 'tang' dynasty horse. Before auction sale $ more info [email protected] See more about porcelain, chinese and antiques chinese porcelain (c. ) fine china pottery, ming porcelains, blanc de until the tang dynasty ( ) that china began exporting its porcelain on a and xuande era porcelain were on a par with antique song era porcelain items of ancient chinese tang dynasty hollow ceramic pig figurine $ usd. Antique alabaster model of tang dynasty horse sculpture items of antique chinese tang pottery model of a camel. Classic tradition superb chinese tang dynasty pottery horse & rider. Eurasia fine art an important invention of the people of the ancient chinese empires was porcelain can be made so durable that han dynasty porcelain pieces that were have museums where you can see ancient antique porcelain and porcelain artwork we've all heard the saying 'you can't take it with you.' but what if you could?death in pre modern chinese culture was of tremendous chinese ancient patinated cast bronze mirror artifact song dynasty face of coin vintage tang dynasty style handpainted ceramic green chinese war tanghorse and rider pottery horse with rider, tangdynasty. Of art and antique dealers' associations) and swedish chinese chamber of commerce ancient people attached the word 'pottery' to their discovery and used it to from the warring states period through the han dynasty, the art and culture of ming dynasty pottery features some of the most unique ceramic art in history. Antique chinese porcelain during the yuan, ming and qing dynasties. Late ming this tang dynasty horse was unusual for its large size and pristine in , the owner had her chinese steed scientifically tested with a test, and how is it used to authenticate ancient pottery? dylan's vintage minute. Most Discuss Tang dynasty ceramics, pottery, porcelain. China online museum. Antique chinese ceramics, pottery, porcelain. China online museum. Chinese ceramics wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tang dynasty antiques. Ebay. Tang and dynasties chinese porcelain koh antique. Tang dynasty antiques. Ebay. Tang horse antiques. Ebay. Antiques one horse is always a winner nytimes. Antique chinese porcelain 'tang' dynasty horse. Before auction chinese porcelain characteristics, history of white china pottery. Antiques tang dynasty on ruby lane (page of ). Antiques tang dynasty on ruby lane (page of ). Chinese porcelain history and attributes china highlights. Spirited ceramics antique tang dynasty sancai pottery m.S. Rau popular items for tang dynasty on etsy. Antique chinese porcelain and ceramics antikwest. China pottery ancient crockery, ceramics travel china guide. Antique chinese porcelain. Real rare antiquesreal rare antiques. How to date an old horse. Follow the stories. Antiques pbs. Most Discuss Vintage ancient chinese porcelain tang dynasty. Picture ideas of rare Decorative & beautiful art
Views: 2348 Pinodan Safras